The gospel is a Christian hymn which takes the continuation of the Negro-spiritual S. It developed at the same time as the Jazz and the primitive Blues. The modern artists of gospel also integrated elements of Soul music.
The gospel developed initially at the Afro-américain S and the white of the south, before conquering the remainder of the America and the world.
The word Gospel means “Gospel”: literally good spelle , i.e. “fine words”, “good news”. Gospel Hymns are a first stage towards Gospel Songs of 1930. They are traditional anthems and melodies in vogue. It is current, a change of the white Protestant ritual songs. Since the years 1870, the instruments are increasingly present at the offices: Organ, Harmonium, string instruments, slappings of the hands and movements of the body. The beginning of the 20th century sees emerging a true artistic effervescence for the Blacks. Gospel Hymns become of Gospel Songs whose bases at the same time simple and are sophisticated. But at the beginning of this century one cannot yet truly still speak about Gospel.
Gospel is incontestably a musical revolt against racist America. It is an expression of the suffering of the recently émancipés blacks, but still under white segregationist hegemony, particularly in the States of the South; from where a very strong migration towards the big cities of North (Chicago, Strait, New York). These populations do not engage politically even if they remain faithful to the Republican party, with Lincoln, their liberator.
Gospel utilizes more instruments, like already evoked above, but referred also more often to Jesus-Christ and the Apôtre S, i.e. with the Gospels, contrary to the Negro-spiritual which evoked rather characters of the Old Testament (" Joshua made the Battle Jerico" off; ; " Go down Moses"), etc
Gospel comprises vocal four-bit bytes and singers of reputation.
The vocal four-bit bytes remain the most popular phenomenon of Gospel. They are composed of two Ténor S, a baritone and a low . This polyphony with four parts, also called Male Four-bit byte largely took as a starting point the Barbershop Singers, which met in the graver of the hairdresser. Simple harmonization of these four-bit bytes to the characteristic to utilize a voice above the melody. These vocal four-bit bytes are more spontaneous, take more risk than the university choruses which weary because of their rigor, on their conventional side. From where, a very great success. One can quote one of most known, the Golden Spoils Four-bit byte at the time of the period of the Inter-war period. At their beginnings, they named the Goldens delicious Spoils Jubilee Singers and sang has cappella in 1934. Between 1937 and 1943, they will record more than one hundred titles in religious but such a profane register in the cabarets.
The most important women will be for the majority in relation to Dorsey which knew to put them on the front of the scene. Although Gospel develops in the years 1930, it is not before 1945 that the women will be able to make known themselves in a musical register very machist.
In addition, it happens sometimes that catholic parishes hold of the liturgies adapted to Gospel savor.
Some groups and singers of Gospel
- A4 (group)
- Michael Jackson
- Golden Spoils Four-bit byte
- Mahalia Jackson
- Liz Mc Comb
- Gospel For You
Simple: Gospel music Zh-min-nan: Hok-im im-ga̍k
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