The Golkar (of Golongan Karya , " fonctionnels" groups;) is a party Indonesia N. Its current leader is Muhammad Jusuf Kalla, in addition vice-president of the Republic.
Golkar was founded in 1964, at the time of Soekarno, by the army, like movement intended to counter the influence of the parties. With the come to power of Soeharto, it becomes the instrument of the mode, which wants to eliminate the role from the parties in the political life indonésienne. It is in this same spirit as the mode forces the parties indonésiens still authorized to amalgamate into two, the Moslem parties forming the Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (" party of the unit and the développement") or PPP, other parties, the Partai Demokrasi Indonesia.
Under Soeharto, Golkar was systematically majority with the elections, gaining each time between 65% and 70% of the voices. It was the only organization authorized to have an establishment in the villages, whose the " were banished; partis". Indonesia still has a rural population which constitutes more than 65% of the total.
With the last elections, which were held in 2004, Golkar, become party since the resignation of Soeharto in 1998, obtained 21,6% of the voices. It is thus the first political clout indonésienne, in front of the Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (18,5%) and PKB ( Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa , " party of the alarm clock national" , founded in particular by Abdurrahman Wahid when it directed the Muslim organization Nahdatul Ulama, 10,6%).
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