See also: Gould
Glenn Herbert Gold , more known under the name of Glenn Gould , born the September 25th 1932 with Toronto and deceased the October 4th 1982 with Toronto, was a Pianiste, Compositeur, Réalisateur and Canadian writer . He is especially known for his remarkable interpretations with the piano, including two recordings of the Variations Goldberg of J.S. Bach (1955 and 1981).
BiographyHe studied the piano with the academy of Toronto near Alberto Guerrero before giving many concerts, primarily on the American continent, where he played with the most famous interpreters (Herbert von Karajan, Leonard Bernstein, Yehudi Menuhin, inter alia). The beginning of its international repute can be gone back to its famous recording of the Variations Goldberg of June 1955 in the studios CBS in New York. Its interpretation of a speed and a clearness of the voices out of the commun run, and especially out of the modes of the time, will make much for its success. It remained an absolute reference since and besides the disc forms always part of the good sales of the CBS/Sony catalog. 25 years of faithful collaboration between Gould and CBS will follow, especially after its renouncement to be occurred in public. It leaves, indeed, definitively the scene on April 10th 1964, at the 32 years age, to devote itself exclusively to the recording in studio and the realization of radio programs and television.
It gained an international reputation thanks to its very original interpretations, particularly those of the music of Jean-Sebastien Bach. Its play practically deprived of legato , almost without pedal, the graduated adjustments of its piano fetish, tended to the extreme to still gain in speed are its own mark. It has particularly excelled in interpretation of Variations Goldberg it knew to emphasize the dynamics, promptness, depth of articulation logical of topics, which was at the origin of its international repute and from which the touch so resolutely different that it was immediately recognizable between all (except its chantonnement celebrates), and was criticized also much by some. To that were added a not very ordinary personality and an eccentricity.
Its compositions, on the other hand, remained little known. Let us quote in particular a running away for chorus with four mixed votes entitled So you want to Write has running away? where the musician explains us with humor how to write a running away, demonstration with the support. Gould is also the author of a String quartet opus 1, of inspiration close to the music of Arnold Schoenberg.
Documentary radiophonicLess known is the work of Gould as regards documentary radiophonic. This work was partly the result of its long collaboration with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, for which it produced many television programs and radio. One can retain his work his Solitude Trilogy , including/understanding The Idea off North , a meditation on Canada of north and his inhabitants; The Latecomers , which treats emigration with Newfoundland; and Calm In the Land , on the Mennonite S of Manitoba. These three documentary uses a technique indicated by Gould like " contrapuntic radio " , in which several people speak at the same time. According to its Co-producer, Lorne Tulk, it made the first use of this technique by discovering that it off had fourteen minutes of recording additional for The Idea North . It is this technique, combined with an acute sense of the musical accompaniment, collected sounds, and voices of the interviewed people, who make of her radiophonic work a work voted by plebiscite by criticism.
- It often chantonnait by playing, which is perceptible on certain recordings, such as for example in its interpretation of the quite moderate Clavier . That gave wire to retordre with the sound engineers in the studios of recording.
- It leant towards its keyboard, sometimes until almost renifler the keys. That was due to the use of only one and single folding chair much lower than a duet stool because the feet had been sawn. This chair accompanied it all its life during. Even when it was in a state of total decay, it continued to carry it everywhere where it was to play. Become the symbols of Gould, the chair and the piano Steinway CD318 are currently in the collections of a museum of Ottawa.
- When he played with only one hand, he often made gestures in the air of the other hand to accompany the music. He was to some extent his own boss of orchestra.
- Whatever was the temperature, it always carried superimposed layers of clothing, cover-chief and gloves included/understood.
- If Glenn Gould loved little Chopin and last works of Mozart (“ Mort too late ”, according to him), it admired on the other hand the singer Petula Clark, to which it devotes an eulogistic article in 1964.
- Variations Goldberg (versions of 1954,1955 (studio), 1959 (Salzburg in public) and 1981 (one year before its death, studio). The edition Zenph and Disklavier, appeared in 2007, reproduced with an analysis and data-processing assistance of the monophonic recording of 1955, play and technique of Gould on a piano coupled and played by a computer.
- English Continuations
- French Continuations
- Inventions to two and three votes
- the quite moderate keyboard
- Preludes, Runnings away and Fuguettes
- Italian Concerto
- the Art of the running away (to some extent with the piano, with the organ)
- Concertos for keyboard n°1 to 5 and n°7 (with Leonard Bernstein for the first, and Golschmann for the others)
- Sonatas for keyboard and violin , with Jaime Laredo with the violin
- Sonatas for keyboard and viola da gamba , with Leonard Pink with the violoncello
- Sonata in the minor Württemberg n°1 (H30)
Ludwig Van Beethoven
- Trifles COp 33 and COp 126
- Concertos for piano n° 1 to 5
- Sonatas n°1, 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12 to 18,23,30,31,32
- Symphony n° 5 (transcription for piano of Liszt)
- Symphony n° 6 (transcrription for piano of Liszt)
- Variations in minor C WoO 80
- Variations " Eroica"
- Variations on an original topic COp 34
- Sonata for violin and piano n°10 (with Yehudi Menuhin)
- Sonata for piano COp 1
Night Georges Bizet
- in chromatic F
- Ballades Our. 1-4 op.10
- 2 Rhapsodies COp 79
- 10 Intermezzi
- Concerto for piano n°1 , with Leonard Bernstein and the philharmonic orchestra of New York
- various Parts…
- Sonata for piano No 3
- Study COp 10 No 2 (recording appearing in documentary the Glenn Gould. Beyond time of Bruno Monsaingeon)
- Quintet for piano and cords (partial) COp 57
- Rhapsody n°1 (version clarinet and piano, with James Campbell)
- Lord off Salisbury pavan and galliard
- Imagination in major C
- German (Italian Ground)
- Sonata in semi mineur" COp 7
- Some small parts…
- Continuations for harpsichord Our. 1-4 (recorded with the harpsichord and accompanied in continuation by two preludes and runnings away by the second book by the quite moderate Keyboard by Bach)
- the six last sonatas (Hob. 56,58,59,60,61,62)
- Sonatas for piano nº 1,2,3
- Sonata nº 3
- Lovesongs without words
- Rondo Capriccioso (recording appearing in documentary the " Glenn Gould. Beyond the temps" of Bruno Monsaingeon)
- Concerto for piano nº 24
- Fantaisie and Fugue K.394
- the integral of the Sonates for piano
- Dawn serenade , choreographic concerto
- Sonata for piano nº 7 COp 83
- fugitive Vision n°2 (andante)
- the Waltz (in a transcription for piano that it carried out)
- Sonatas for piano K9, K13 and K430 (1)
- the Integral of work for piano
- Concerto for piano COp 42
- Lieder COp 1,2,3,6,12,14,15,48
- 2 Lieder COp posth.
- Quartet with piano COp 47 (with the Julliard quartet)
- Sonatas n°3 and n°5 various
- Preludes and pieces…
- Burleske for piano and orchestra in minor D
- Enoch Arden COp 38
- Ophelia-Lieder COp 67 (Shakespeare)
- 5 Parts for piano COp 3
- Sonata for piano COp 5
- last four Lieder (with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf)
- Imagination in D
- Opening of the Masters singers (Gould transcription)
- Voyage of Siegfried on the Rhine (Gould transcription)
- Siegfried-Idyll , Gould directing 13 musicians of the symphony orchestra of Toronto
- Siegfried-Idyll , (Gould transcription)
- Concerto for 9 instruments COp 24
- Variations for piano COp 27
- Sonata for bassoon and piano (1949)
- Sonata for piano (1951 unfinished)
- String quartet COp 1 (1956)
- Lieberson Madrigal for voice and piano.
- Two parts for piano
- So You Want To Write has Running away? (1963)
- Glenn Gould, beyond time , a film of Bruno Monsaingeon. DVD Idéale Goes down for hearing International, 2006.
- 32 Shorts films butt Glenn Gould , a film of François Girard (1993). Available in DVD.
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