DefinitionThe word " given " , to the XVIIe century, applied to a domestic servant or, often expert, which gave itself to the Jésuites for the Huron missions , by contract and for the life. It is in 1638 that the Father Jerome Lalemant organized this system of given with the approval of his superiors.
OriginIt is in 1639 that the first given, six, pronounced their first wishes. Abolished in 1643 by the General of the Jesuits, the institution was again allowed the following year. It should last until in 1650, year of the final dispersion of the Huron . The number of given rose one moment up to twenty-four. In all, there was close to forty.
Daily newspaperThey shared the life of ceaseless labors and sufferings without name of the missionaries Jesuits of Huronie. Several gave their life. One of them died in wood, another drowned, two were tortured by the Iroquois, four assassinated by the savages, of which one Saint Rene Goupil, was canonized in 1930.
HeritageTen given and servants of the Jésuites left descendants per thousands with the Canada and the the United States. Among them: Pierre Butcher, Menart Chouart of Groseillers, Charles Lemoyne, Rene Goupil and Louis Plonk.
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