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! bgcolor=" pink" colspan=" 2" | Nomenclature FCI: Group 1, Section 1, No 166
|----- |----- | Size : | 55 to 65 cm: Dog of intermediate size. |----- | Constitution : | 22 to 40 kg. |----- | Hair : | Double with undercoat. Dense. |----- | Dress : | Black and yellow brown brown-red or black and gray. |----- | Head : | Wedge-shaped, stop not very marked, black truffle. |----- | Eyes : | Out of almond, obliques, dark. |----- | Ears : | Right-hand sides, of intermediate size, house forwards. |----- | Tail : | Light falling range following curve. |----- | Behavior/Character : | Vigilant, balanced, courageous. |}
The German shepherd (also called Alsatian shepherd ) is a Race of Chien S drawing its name from its country of origin, the Germany, where it appeared at the end of the 19th century. The international cynologic federation recognizes it under the name of deutscher Schäferhund .
HistoryIn 1878, the German stockbreeders of dogs with aptitudes shepherdesses carry out a first attempt at regrouping with an aim of improvement of their dogs. Those are very varied from a phenotypical point of view, in particular according to the areas: for example, the type Wurtemberg carries the right ears, whereas that of Thuringe has the falling ears. There exist also different dogs in Bavaria or in the Hesse. But their principal common point is their character which makes them good guards of herds and goods: intelligence, obedience, vigilance, incorruptibility. One also finds at all robustness and rusticity since hitherto the empirical selection which was carried out only aimed at obtaining good dogs of work. In 1891, the stockbreeders, and in particular the count von Hahn and the Riechelmann captain, establish a first herd book and try to establish a company, Phylax, but the project does not succeed.
It is the captain of cavalry max Emil Frederic von Stephanitz which was the true father of the race. After having a long time admired the aptitudes of the sheepdogs, it decides to buy of it on April 3rd, 1899, which it will rename Horand von Grafath. This one is gray and yellow, rather of shepherd type of Thuringe (but with right ears). Von Stephanitz and Arthur Meyer create then the club of race on April 22nd, 1899 with Karlsruhe (Verein für deutsche Schäferhunde or SV), the captain will be at his head during 35 years.
September 28th, 1899 is published the first standard of the race, and in 1900, Horand inaugurates the book of the origins of the SV (Zuchtbuch). What will make the force of the race later, it is the generosity of its leaders in the first definition of the German shepherd: “any alive sheepdog in Germany which, thanks to a constant exercise of its qualities of sheepdog, reached the perfection of its body and its psychism within the framework of its utility function”. The goals are clear, it is thus by and for work that the selection of BA starts.
The club quickly presents an important and organized activity. Since 1902 a newspaper is published for all its members, and in 1903 a register of selection is born with the compilation of the performances of the reproducers. Progress fast because was well directed at the national level and followed well by the efforts of the stockbreeders (1215 members in 1906). One started to seek females of the same type and to organize exposures to standardize the race, and in particular a national exposure of breeding which allowed all the stockbreeders country to choose homogeneous reproducers.
Little by little one found with the German shepherd of other utilities that the guard of the herds (those having seen their manpower decreasing). Its qualities of robustness, its sense of smell except par and its obedience with any test encouraged the German police force to use it. In 1914, the SV and the army organize a demonstration of the possibilities of BA in time of war, to which it paid then a heavy tribute.
In 1922, the examination of Körung is set up for the selection of the reproducers; those which are declared suited to the reproduction are registered in Körbuch. In 1926, the book of the origins counts already 346.000 registered dogs! In the Fifties, the test of the shot and the test of character make their appearance. The SV is famous for the state intervention which it imposes on the breeding: many projections limited, choice of the standard in agreement with the supervisor of breeding, prohibition to make cover a female recommended by a male not recommended… All these measurements aim at guiding the selection for best.
Katzmair and Funk succeed von Stephanitz, then Dr. Rummel in 1971. In 1974, the world Union of Associations of German Shepherd is created (WUSV), thanks to the will of regrouping of Dr. Rummel, who encouraged “a profitable dialog, as well for the breeding as for the use”. In 1982, Hermann Martin (breeding von Arminius) becomes president of the SV. The first championship of work WUSV proceeds in Munster from September 16th to 18th 1988. In 1994, Peter Messler takes the head of the SV until December 2002, it is then succeeded by Wolfgang Henke.
Since 1910, the importation of German shepherds starts in France and increases year by year: 4132 dogs arrive to France during the first six-month period 1912. It is Georges Barais (breeding of Beauchamps) who will hold a capital place for BA in our country. It creates in 1913 the club of the shepherd of Alsace then, in 1920, the Company of the Sheepdog of Alsace (SCBA) which structure really the breeding. As of its constitution, this one publishes a monthly bulletin in spite of the limited resources of the time. March 7th, 1920 a first exposure of shepherd of Alsace takes place in Bordeaux, judged by Georges Barais, and the report of the day is already available in the bulletin of April 1st.
The members of the club show much motivation and dynamism to see evolving/moving their race, they very frequently find themselves at meetings to speak about their dogs. It is only on October 8th, 1922 that the French recognize officially the German origin of their favorite dog (they considered before that this French race had been stolen by the Germans in 1870) and the SCBA becomes the Company of the German Sheepdog. It holds its book of breeding and publishes pedigrees until 1958 (creation of the SCC). When Georges Barais disappears in 1955, it is Marcel Olive (breeding of Fort-Réal) who succeeds to him.
In 1958, the first national exposure of breeding takes place in Vichy, with quickly the introduction of the tests to the shot and trackings of the dysplasy of the hip. Since 1978, a test of character is also set up. This gathering was initially called principal exposure of breeding, before becoming in 1987 the national exposure of breeding (definition of the SCC). Since 1989, it takes place each year in a different place.
The SCBA was and remains the first club of French race, it aligns its policy of breeding on the country of origin to obtain the best possible results.
In Italy , the first German shepherd was called Olaf von Hohen Fichte , and was imported in 1949 by Danzio Gobbi (titular of the breeding of the Alta Quercia, it was important also thereafter celebrates it Mutz von Pelztierfarm). At the same date, Leonardo Gatto Roissard (breeding di Casa Gatto) and Dr. Ignazio Barbieri founded the club of the German shepherd with Milan, transferred then to Modena in 1969 by Dr. Walter Gorrieri (breeding di Val del Tiepido). This last constituted in 1977 SAS (Società Amatori Schaferhünde), which is the current club of race. The number of inscription to the LAW passed from 2.492 (in 1949) to 5.222 (in 1969). It is in years 1970 that the figures explode: 28.857 births in 1976! This record underwent then a reduction and was stabilized since the years 1990. The quoted breedings are those which the most marked the years of 1965 to 1975, later one can note the importance of the affixes: di That San Marco (F. Dolci), del Catone (S. Capetti), di Casa Mary (W. Pagin), of Ulmental (Francioni). The president of SAS in 2003 is Ezio Roman, almost 6000 members are registered there. Italy saw being born several German great champions and even several “Auslese”, most famous being certainly max beyond Loggia dei Mercanti . The Italian breeding most present currently at the international level is certainly della Valcuvia de Luciano Musolino, especially thanks to the dog Dux , which obtained the title of “Auslese” in Germany in 2001. (The qualifier “Auslese” is allotted every year at the time of the Main roads of Breeding of the various countries to the best dogs of the classes " ouverte" males and females, on decision of the judge who detects more in them qualities than excellent, even exceptional).
With the the United States , it seems that the first BA was brought back on this continent by the sergeant Lee Duncan, who had seen the exploits of this dog during the First World War. The race reaches all its notoriety thanks to the success of its dog in the series " Rusty and Rintintin". The club was founded in 1913 by S. Hastead Yates, it led a policy different from that of Europeans by privileging the beauty to work. With 25.000 inscriptions with the book of the origins in 1926 and more than 100.000 in 1970, one can say that BA holds to with it also a very important place.
In Spain , the club of race of the German shepherd was founded by a group of sixty people on January 28th, 1978, with like first chair judge Andres Choclan Martos. In 1988 it counted 2.286 members. Currently the president is Manuel Martin and it counts 3.000 members. The Spanish stockbreeders knew to use reproducers of varied origins: German, Italian, French, then Spanish.
DescriptionThe German shepherd is a dog at the same time very sporting and elegant, thanks to his flexible size. Its peeling is dense, hard and right. Its black dress and gray or black mottled of yellow (color fire) even of chestnut or black. Its truffle is dark (black) and punt, its eyes out of almond of brown color and its right ears (which enable him better to collect the waves and signals contrary to the races of dogs with lowered ears which them do not have all the capacities for this type of task). Its tail falling, bulky and is curved.
The German shepherds are very general-purpose dogs composed of three lines:
the line known as of work : watchdog, tracker dog, firemen, dog of avalanches, help with the handicapped people, dogs guides of blind man… but still of company.
- the line known as of beauty : (for the canine contests) they have the back curved (what often causes them problems of displasye after their 3rd year)
- the line of " the est": often more foet and more muscular, squater.
At all events the German shepherd is a model dog which only has with him all qualities that a dog can have.
The males have a size of approximately 60-65cm to the garrot and the females between 50 with 55cm with the garrot. The weight is equivalent of 30 to 35kg for the female and of 35 to 40kg for the male.
CharacterThe German shepherd is particularly faithful to his Masters and obeying. He shows a great intelligence and is very discrete, but he can be aggressive if he were not well educated. It should be drawn up firmly so that it regards its Master as a chief of pack. A good Master will make of his German shepherd a good dog by correctly drawing up it and not while directing it.
It is a dog of outside, which appreciates big spaces and the exercise. He is sportsman, courageous, rigorous, and determined… At the adulthood the German shepherd is a dog which feels extremely with respect to its family, it thus protects instinctively weakest from that Ci, i.e., the children.
Current health issue
- Syndrome dilation torsion of the stomach
- Descriptive and photographs
- the standard of the race on the site of the SCC
Simple: German Shepherd Dog
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