George Gershwin (* September 26th 1898 with Brooklyn, New York - † July 11th 1937 with Hollywood) was a American Compositeur , born Jacob Gershowitz with Brooklyn, New York parents Juif S immigrants Russian S.
George Gershwin composed the majority of her works with her brother Ira Gershwin, Parolier. Gershwin composed at the same time for Broadway and the traditional theater of concert, and its music contains elements coming from the two universes. He also knew much success in the writing of popular songs. Among its compositions, much were employed with the Cinéma, and well of others became great classics of the Jazz: booklets were recorded by Ella Fitzgerald (memorable recording of 3 discs for Verve, with Louis Armstrong and orchestrates it Nelson Riddle), Herbie Hancock and several other singers or actors.
In 1910, Gershwin acquired a piano for the lessons of music of Will go, but George took the changing, playing ear with talent. It tested various piano teachers during two years, then became acquainted with Charles Hambitzer, who became his mentor until his death in 1918. Hambitzer taught in George the traditional piano, introduced the Européens Masters to him, and encouraged it to attend concerts of orchestra. George then studied with the traditional type-setter Rubin Goldmark. In 1916, its Rag “Rialto Ripples” was a business success, and in 1918 it was its first success of national width in the United States with its song “Swanee”.
In 1923, the leader Paul Whiteman asked George Gershwin to compose a part for a concert dedicated to the American music (" Year experiment in American Modern Music") in front of being held in Aeolian Hall in New York the following year. Having then forgotten this order, it is while reading in the New York Tribune that Rachmaninov would attend this concert and that, continuing the article, it was supposed to be working on a " jazz concerto" that Gershwin is put finally at work on what will become the Rhapsody in Blue, just five weeks before the event. The legend wants that the composition was not completely completed the evening of the first, on February 12th, 1924, and that Gershwin improvised with the foot raised certain parts of its solos piano.
It is the July 11th 1937 with Hollywood, whereas he worked for the Goldwyn Follies, that George Gershwin crumbled and died of a cerebral Tumeur. It was buried with the cemetery of Westchester Hills, Hastings-one-Hudson, in the state of New York.
Style and musical influencesGershwin was influenced much by the French school. By meeting the French type-setter Maurice Ravel, Gershwin required of him to take it under its wing to teach the art of the composition to him. Ravel would then have answered: “Why would you be Ravel of second class whereas you can become Gershwin of first class? ”
Among the influences of Gershwin, one finds inter alia Debussy, Berg, Chostakovitch, Stravinski, Milhaud and Schönberg.
Traditional worksAmong the most known works of Gershwin in the field of the traditional one, one finds:
- Concerto for piano and orchestra in major F, (1925)
- Three preludes for piano (1926)
- an American in Paris (1928), a tonic poem with realistic sound effects
- Second Rhapsody, (1931), for piano and orchestra
- cuban Opening, (1932), for orchestra
- Variations on “I Got Rhythm”, for piano and orchestra
- Porgy and Bess, opera Folk (1935) (inspired of the book of Dubose Heyward) on the life of the Afro-Americans
- Gershwin.com, the ''' official site ''' of Georges and Ira Gershwin, quite carried out, but 100% Flash and only in English
- GershwinFan.com, as indicated, the site of the ''' fans of Gershwin ''', always in English, ideal to buy partitions, words…
- In French, a short perso page which one will say that it goes to essence
- In French, a perso page more packed, interesting but badly presented
- the life of Gershwin, already short, in some paragraphs (written well)…
- Classic Cat - Gershwin - Guide for files mp3
Simple: George Gershwin
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