Geoffroy de Monmouth
The place of its birth is not known, but it is probably about Monmouth to the Wales. It seems to have Breton ancestors. He knows the area of Monmouth well, and described Caerleon in his Historia Regum Britanniae .
He studied with Oxford, met the archdeacon Walter there. February 21st 1152 the archbishop of Canterbury Theobald devotes it bishop of St Asaph (in the north of Wales), ten days after having ordered it priest. Did he only visit its évêché? That is not ensured and the wars of Owain Gwynedd make it possible to doubt it.
He is the author of the Vita Merlini : " life of Merlin" (1149, poem in hexameters, according to the Afallenau allotted to the Merdhin bard, probably composed in kymris: " gallois" , by the Duke of Normandy Robert Courteheuse), of the Prophetiae Merlini and Historia regum Britanniae : " History of Kings de Bretagne" (1135/1138), in 12 pounds (according to a made up original into Breton and carried in England by Norman the Gautier, archdeacon of Oxford) which is one of the first works of the British Histoire and will be the source of the Légende arthurienne.
It also put in Latin worms the Chronique in worms of Tristan Léonnais, poet bards 6th century for the account of Henri II Plantagenêt.
- Prophetiae Merlini : Latin text (edition 1603) with the comment of Alain of Lille
- Historia Regum Britanniae :
- Latin Text (edition of Paris, 1508)
- English Translation by Aaron Thompson (1999)
- Vita Merlini : Latin text
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