The genetic information is the information carried by the Génome of an organization, contained in each cell in the form of DNA. Carried by the Chromosome S, it is localized inside the core at the Eucaryote S and in the cytoplasm at the Procaryote S. In the molecule of DNA, it is the sequence of the nucleotides which constitutes genetic information.
It determines the characters of an individual, constituting the Phénotype, and transmits parents to their descendants.
Genetic information is consisted of the Gène S coding of the Protéine S, but also of sequences of DNA not coding, intervening in the regulation of the genic expression.
The genetic data processing can be compared with the numerical data processing. In the replication or duplication, genetic information is copied during the cellular division to be transmitted to the following generations. The contents of the information of the duplicated DNA are identical to that of the matrix of DNA having produced the copy: same manner, when one duplicate an electronic file, the contents of the original and copy are identical.
Réplication of the DNA
In order to store the genetic information in all the cells, the DNA is duplicated: it is the Réplication of the DNA. During this process, the DNA Polymerase separates the two bits from DNA.
The Synthesis of Proteins
The Transcription (biology): In the core of a cell, ARNm is synthesized by the ARN Polymérase to make it possible genetic information to penetrate in the cytoplasm and to continue the synthesis of proteins.
The genetic Translation: In the cytoplasm of a cell, ARNm (or ARN Messenger) is translated, converted into Protein.
Thus, the Transcription and the Translation allow the Synthèse of the proteins. That would correspond to the treatment of an electronic file not to duplicate it such as it is, but to transform it, pack it in a prepared document, intended for specific applications.
Genetic information is universalAt the time of the Transgenèse, the organization receiver is able to exploit the genetic information held by the transgene (transferred gene). Indeed, this organization will express the character controlled by this transgene: that shows well that the genetic information, contained in the DNA, is universal .
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