General meeting of the United Nations
The General meeting of the United Nations is one of the six principal bodies of UNO. It has an advisory role for the questions touching with the maintenance of peace and international safety.
Its roleThe role of the Parliament is mainly advisory, contrary to the safety advice which has mainly executive capacities.
A State (member or not of UNO) can seize the General meeting on the questions touching with the maintenance of peace or international safety. Its conclusions have only one value of recommendation, with final it is the Safety advice which will decide.
Its role is also to name the General secretary of UNO (on recommendation of the Safety advice), the not-permanent members of the Safety advice, those of the Economic and Social Council, those of the Trusteeship Council (which does not meet any more since the last country under supervision had its independence) and also those of the the International Court of Justice.
It has a decision-making power on the budget of UNO, the distribution of the contributions between the Member States and the entry of the novel members within the Organization.
CompositionIt is made up of a representative by State member. Each member lays out with one voice, so as to put on an equal footing all the Member States.
It is also made up of an Office, him even made up:
- of a president
- of 21 vice-presidents
- of 6 presidents (for each large commission of the Parliament)
- of a commission of verification of the credentials, made up of 9 members named on a proposal from the president
Ordinary sessionsThere is, once per annum, an ordinary session who begins third Tuesday of September. The ordinary sessions generally finish towards mid-December.
Each session begin with the election in the majority simple from the various members from the Office.
As the number of questions for each ordinary session is important (more than one hundred), they are generally returned to the large commissions which are six:
- First commission: draft of the questions of disarmament and international safety
- Second commission: draft of the economic questions and financial
- Third commission: draft of the social questions, humanitarians and cultural
- Fourth commission: draft of the special political questions and the decolonization
- Fifth commission: draft of the administrative and budgetary matters
- Sixth commission: draft of the legal questions
That the questions are treated as a plenary session or by the large commissions, the vote is always made as a plenary session. It is generally held at the end of the ordinary session.
Extraordinary sessionsIf a question cannot await the beginning of an ordinary session, the Parliament can meet in extraordinary session if simple majority of the Member States, or the Safety advice wishes it.
Way of votingOn the questions touching with peace, with international safety, the admission of novel members and the budgets, the decisions are made in the majority of two thirds. All the other decisions are made in the majority simple.
Be-X-old: ГенэральнаяАсамблеяААН Simple: General United Nations Assembly
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