General Company of the slow trains
The general Compagnie of the slow trains is made up in 1855 by fusion of several transport companies urban Parisian. It is about a privately held company, holder of a concession delivered by the Ville of Paris.
HistoryThe CGO obtains the monopoly of public transport with Paris.
TramsAs of 1856, 25 horse-drawn lines are exploited. The network extends then to the Parisian outskirts of the city but the vehicle fleet remains a long time unsuited.
It is necessary to await 1912 so that the CGO invests massively in the electrification of these lines, exploited up to that point with the vapor or in animal haulage. The last horse-drawn line in intramural Paris ceases its service the January 12th 1913.
BusesIt is at the time of the Motor-show of 1905 that the CGO rang the knell of the horse-drawn slow trains by putting in circulation the first buses motorized on an experimental line. It was about Omnibus to imperial, built by Brillié-Schneider, P2 model. The first regular line Montmartre-Saint-Germain-of-Meadows is brought into service the June 11th 1906.
Soon, 6 lines are exploited and 151 Brillié-Schneider P2 furrows Paris. After 1910, P2 lose to them imperial and are transformed into P3. All these buses are requisitioned by the army in 1914 and disappear, replaced by new model at the end of the war.
End of the CGOTaking into account the great financial problems which strike the whole of the public conveyers after the end of the First World War, the CGO is integrated in 1921 within the Société of public transport of the Paris region, which gathers from now on the whole of public transport of surface (as well as the river service roads) of the Département of the Seine.
Observations, notes and references
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