The Gascogne (in Gascon Gasconha /gasˈkuɲə ) was with the Top Moyen-âge a Principauté of the south-west of the France. Although the Duchy of Gascogne émiette starting from 1032 to disappear as a political entity, a Gascon identity remains through the Ancien Mode and until our days.
Its nameGascogne draws its name from the people Vascon, which will give the term Gascon, adaptation Gallo-Roman E of a Prononciation Germanique Waskon ; Vascon also gave the term Basque (it should be noted that in Spanish Basque says vasco ).
Contrary to other provinces (like the Brittany or the Normandy for example), the name of Gascogne disappeared with the province which it indicated and was not taken again to indicate any the departments or areas of current France.
It has tended nevertheless to make its reappearance for a few years like tourist name to indicate its Eastern historical heart limitativement: the Gers. The department of the Moors currently studies a change of denomination in Moors of Gascogne.
One finds his trace in names:
GeographyGascogne is pressed on the mountainous buttresses of the the Pyrenees and opens on the Atlantic Ocean (the Bay of Biscay). The great mass of the Forêt of the Moors occupies a central place in the geographical space of Gascogne current. The two principal rivers are the the Garonne and the Adour.
Departments concernedIt includes/understands the departments:
and partly those:
- of the Ariège
- of the the Gironde
- of the Haute-Garonne
- of Lot-et-Garonne
- of the Yrénées-Atlantiques (left Béarn ease, Bayonne); Rebated joint, Bidache.
- of Tarn-et-Garonne.
CitiesThe main cities are:
- Auch, its historical capital (Aush)
- Bagnères-with-Luchon (Banhèras)
- Bayonne (basco-Gascon identity) (Baiona)
- Bazas (Vasats)
- Bordeaux (Bordèu)
- Condom (Condom)
- Dax (Dacs)
- Eauze (Eusa)
- Langon (Lengon)
- Lectoure (Leitora)
- Heavy (Lorda)
- Mount-with-Marsan (Lo Mont)
- Nérac (Nerac)
- Oloron (Auloron)
- Orthez (Ortès)
- Pau (Pau)
- Saint-Gaudens (Gaudenç Feels)
- Tarbes (Tarba)
To note, the Country house-Clairence, Gascon enclave in Basque territory
EconomyThe economic main resources are:
- the Sylviculture (leafy and resinous)
- agriculture: Wines (Medoc, low registers, sauternes, jurançon, buzet, etc…) ; breeding ovine, bovine and poultries; Armagnac; corn, corn and barley; vegetable and fruit-bearing cultures (valleys of the Garonne and the adour).
- Fishing (Atlantic facade, estuary of the Gironde) and Ostreiculture (Basin of Arcachon).
- the Tourism: seaside resorts of the Coast of Money, country holidays, cultural tourism, Hydrotherapy, Heavy monks , winter sports resorts.
- the hydrocarbons (gas of Lacq, oil of Parentis-in-Born), chemical industries of the basin of Pau and the of Bordeaux one.
- military garrisons (Tarbes, Pau, Mount-of-Marsan…)
- Aeronautical industry (Pau, Tarbes, Tarnos, Surface/Adour, Bordeaux, Marmande)
- the industry of wood and packing.
- Agro-alimentary industry .
- metallurgical industry (Tarnos, Lannemezan, St Andre de Cubzac)
- the most known Gascon throughout the world is not other than celebrates it D' Artagnan, of its true name Charles de Batz Castelmore.
FlagThe Drapeau (based on a Cross of saint Andre) reproduced here is supposed to be given by the pope at the time of the Third crusade. Actually, it circulates only on Internet and to date no proof was advanced to support its existence.
It is the raising flag of the lions and corn ears which are used today officially (on the frontages of the town halls, such Bayonne).
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