The Gansu (甘肃, Pinyin: Gānsù) is a province located at the North-West of the China. Part of Gansu belongs to the Amdo, area North-eastern of the historical Tibet before the Chinese invasion of 1949, another part belonged to the Mongolia. Gansu is also called Corridor of Hexi or Corridor of Gansu (河西走廊)
Geographically, the corridor begins in the prefecture from Haidong on the side from the town of Xining and the Lac Juyan (called in Mongolian Gaxun Nuur, Goshun Nur for the lake of the west and Sogo Nur for the lake of the east) and covers an area of approximately 215,000 km ².
Component of the Silk route and located at the western north of the Yellow River, it is the most important passage towards Xinjiang (Eastern Turkestan) and the Central Asia. Hexi is a very narrow passage and drawn bar of approximately 1000 kilometers of the modern city of Lanzhou until Yumenguan at the border of Gansu and the Xinjiang.
One finds there many fertile Oasis surrounded of vast extended of the Gobi Desert with to the south the mount of the Qilian Shan and his mountainous region of Beishan and to North the semi-desert Plateau Alashan.
Environmental damageMany dangers threaten perenniality of the environment in China, like the exploitation of the mines. In the autonomous Prefecture Tibetan of Gannan of the province of Gansu, it is in particular the case of the uranium mine located in the Comté of Têwo. She was opened by the State Department of nuclear industry like the most important source of uranium, but “was closed for reason of policy” in 2002. The employees of the mine showed the civils servant of the State Department of plundering and environmental damage. The radioactive material of the mine was incorrectly handled, which induced a high number of cancerous tumors, congenital leukemias and malformations at the neighbouring populations. Before the mine is not open in 1980, the sector was populated of a large variety of fish, birds, plants and animal species, but since became an unproductive land. The cattle also suffers from an exceptionally high death rate. The local doctors report that about half of the deaths in the sector are due to cancers, dissimulated because “of secrecies of State”. No precautionary measure is taken to protect the human life and animal. This situation was denounced by Sun Xiaodi, a former employee of the uranium mine.
Source: World Gazetteer
- caves of Mogao Ku located in the middle of the dune S.
- Buddhist caves of Binglingsi dug in cliffs at the edge of the Yellow River.
- Xiahe, Buddhist city and its famous temple of the yellow bonnets (gelugpa) called Labulang If
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