Gameplay is a characterizing term of the elements of a videoludic experiment. This Anglicism does not have a real equivalent in France. With the Quebec, jouability is a recommended synonymous term. It recovers several directions which one could try to summarize as follows: the gameplay would be the rules of the game, the way in which the player is supposed to play there, the fluidity of these rules once applied to the environment of the play, and also the way in which player can play, the possibilities offered by the environment (one can sometimes discover a possibility of action which was not envisaged by the programmers but however not permitted by the environment and the whole of the rules; one speaks then about gameplay emergent).
Origin of the wordWith the direction first, it indicates the way in which the play is played (“ how the range plays ”, entitled cards of employment that one can find on the Anglo-Saxon terminals of arcade, and whose gameplay is the abbreviation). It is then compared to a series of associations of buttons and actions (“button 1” to make jump the character, “button 2” to make it strike, “directional cross” to move it). It thus acts in the beginning of directions for use, of “how playing? ” whose to play would have become a substantive without fixed meaning. With this close which it is difficult, in French, to speak about “playing” of a play.
Usual employmentWith the direction second, gameplay indicates, in a way much more general, all the facets of the interaction, and in particular:
- possibilities of action
- the ergonomics of the orders
- the competitive architecture of the play.
Within the meaning of jouabilityAny video game is defined by a panel of actions offered to the player, which can vary in quality and quantity. One will speak thus about a poor gameplay , if the possible actions very few, little are varied, or allow few combinations. The approximate equivalent, in French, would be the jouability - playable substantive of , that one finds, as of the 18th century, at Voltaire to indicate what one can try in a play.
Within the meaning of handinessThat it is about a keyboard, from a lever, a mouse, a stylet, a carpet of dance, a bazooka with infra-reds, a remote control gyroscope or keys of a cellphone, any video game passes by a physical interface. One will speak about a immersif gameplay when the physical interface is used in a flexible and intuitive way.
French will speak then readily either about ergonomics (for the strictly physical aspect), or of handiness, taking again an automobile technique term used, since 1878, to qualify the flexibility of direction of a motorized machine, but with the old direction of handy (13th century), “which lends itself to the action of the hand”.
Within the meaning of difficultyAlthough seldom evoked, competitive architecture fully forms part of the experiment of a jeu : it is it, by the development of the levels, the enigmas, of the enemies, or of the easy ways, which stimulates the player and invites it to explore the possibilities of the play. Metal GEAR Solid and its continuations is examples of plays conceived to push the player with the experimentation. The French-speaking vocabulary abounds of partial and approximate equivalents, and will thus speak about the difficulty, the easy ways, or about the interest of the levels. The Anglo-Saxon term of Range design , although still very general (cf will infra), tends little by little to be essential.
Towards an extensive directionLastly, with the third direction, the gameplay indicates the gasoline of the Video game : it is all that is under the control of the player. Imperceptible reasons of the recreation felt while playing. That can be regarded as the principal difference with the Cinéma or the Littérature, and the interest of the Video game, its quality first. In short the gameplay, it is the play, the heart of the video game. They are also what is judged with the experiment, which explains why certain developers prefer to be delayed on the graphic seal, a priori more salesman.
The science (or the art) of creation of gameplay - and by extension of video games - is called Game design . During the creation of a Video game, the gameplay is described in a Game design document .
JouabilityThe term of jouability indicates the whole of the rules and possibilities governing the control of the player of its character (or machine or entity) via the peripheral of entries (in particular a Joystick, a keyboard or a mouse) in the video games.
A jouability considered as “good” evokes a Interface and intuitive controls of play, a certain facility of catch in hand (or at least a possible training with an interesting margin of progression), a reaction speed sufficient to the screen of the orders entered by the player.
The jouability has a big role in the Gameplay .
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