the Republic of Gambia is an anglophone country of the Africa of the west.
See also: History of Gambia
See also: Political of Gambia
Gambia is a multi-party République with presidential regime, where the President exerts at the same time the loads of Head of the State and chief of the Gouvernement. The executive power is with the hands of the government while the legislative power is shared between the government and the Parliament. The constitution in force was approved in 1996.
The Parliament consists of 53 seats with which 48 are provided by nominal elections by district.
The president Yahya Jammeh is with the capacity since the election of 1996, he was re-elected on October 18th, 2001 and on September 22nd, 2006. The patriotic Alliance for the reorientation and construction is de facto the Gambian sole party.
See also: Subdivisions of Gambia
Gambia is subdivided in six areas:
- Greater Banjul Division, around the capital Banjul;
- Lower To rivet;
- Central To rivet;
- North Bank;
- Upper To rivet;
See also: Geography of Gambia
Gambia is quasi an enclave of the Senegal, it extends on both sides from the river Gambia, over a width from 20 to 50 km on each side, up to 320 km upstream of the mouth. The relief of the country is flat and never rises beyond 55 meters above the sea level.
The rain season goes from June to September, with precipitations of 900 with 1 400 mm (increasing of is in west).
See also: Economy of Gambia
See also: Demography of Gambia
Gambia densément is densément populated (124 inhabitants/km ² on average in 2001, for a total of 1 411 205). More 63 % of the population is rural. The population growth and the urbanization are high (respectively 3,77 % and 8 % for the capital, Banjul).
See also: Culture of Gambia
Population: 1 411 205 inhabitants (in 2001). 0-14 years: 45,22 %; 15-64 years: 52,13 %; + 65 years: 2,65 %
Surface: 11.300 km ²
Density: 124 hab./km²
Land borders: 740 km (Senegal 740 km)
Littoral: 80 km
Ends of altitude: 0 m > + 53 m
Life expectancy of the men: 52 years (in 2001)
Life expectancy of the women: 56 years (in 2001)
Growth rate of the population: 3,14 % (in 2001)
Birth rate: 41,76 ‰ (in 2001)
Death rate: 12,92 ‰ (in 2001)
infantile Death rate: 77,84 ‰ (in 2001)
Fertility rate: 5,7 children/woman (in 2001)
Rate of migration: 2,59 ‰ (in 2001)
Independence: February 18th 1965 (old British colony)
Telephone lines: 31.900 (in 2000)
Cellphones: 5624 (in 2000)
Radios: 196.000 (in 1997)
Television stations: 5000 (in 2000)
Users of Internet: 5000 (in 2001)
Many suppliers of access Internet: 2 (in 2001)
Roads: 2700 km (including 956 tarred km) (in 1996)
Railways: 0 km
inland Waterways: 400 km
Many airports: 1 (international Banjul yundum)
Official site of the government of Gambia
Beats-smg: Gambėjė Simple: The Gambia Zh-min-nan: Gambia
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