Fuxi or Fu Hsi (Sinogramme S: 伏 羲 - 伏 犧 pīnyīn: Fúxī) is a character of the Chinese Mythologie, civilizing hero and the first of the Majestic three (三 皇, sānhuáng). It also appears under the names of Paoxi (庖 犧 - 庖 棲), Mixi (宓 羲), or Taihao (太 昊 - 太 皞) (supreme glare). The oldest texts describing it date from the Royaumes combatants and the Western Han. The Chants of Chu mention a fresco the representative with Nuwa, his wife (and also, according to certain sources, his/her sister). As with it, one lends the body of a snake and the invention of the marriage to him. Among its contributions supposed to the Chinese civilization, most remarkable is the invention of the Eight trigrams of the Yì Jīng (八 卦, bāguà), at the origin of the Calligraphie.
MythAccording to the Baihu tongyi (白 虎 通 义) of Round of applause Gu, in the beginning, the human beings lived without rules morals and were unaware of which was their father. Vêtus of skins of animals, they were nourished the made-to-order of the animals, being put in hunting when they were hungry, consuming the skin, the fur and the blood of their preys, or by giving up the remainders, incompetents to preserve them. After having scanned the sky and the ground, Fuxi founded the marriage, determined the changes of the five elements, created the laws and the Eight trigrams. According to the Book of the changes (周 易. 系 辭 上 傳 第 十), a saint deduced them from the image of the Fleuve [yellow] and of the book of Luo (river) (洛 書). This saint is in general identified in Fuxi, but sometimes with Yu Large the. Image and book one is unaware of all. The legends interpret this passage while making leave water a tortoise or a horse-dragon carrying the mark of the trigrams.
He taught with the men the methods of cooking, hunting, fishing, metal the weapons, the first sacrifice with the sky. He disputes with Huangdi two inventions: the Zither guqin (古 琴) and the symbol of the dragon composed of the parts of the animals totems of the tribes overcome, because according to certain texts, he was also an emperor.
Huang Fumi (皇 甫 謐) of the Jin claims in its Histoire of the emperors and the kings (帝 王 世 紀, dìwángshìjì) that his/her mother was an young girl of the clan Huaxu (華 胥) during the reign of Suiren (燧 人). One day, in the Peaty of the thunder (雷 澤), she saw a print of giant and decided to measure it with her foot. Thus it conceived Fuxi which will take the succession of Suiren.
It is said that it establishes his capital with Wanqiu (宛 丘) with the Henan, county of Huaiyang (淮 陽), where one locates the site of funerary sound tumulus. There exists still a temple nowadays where ceremonies are offered to him of the 2 of the second month to the 3 of the third month.
According to the traditional Chinese genealogy, he is the ancestor of the clans Feng (風), Ren (任), Su (宿), Xuju (須 句), Zhuanyu (顓 臾).
Taihao, its nickname, is according to certain sources the name of a chief of Dongyi (東 夷; literally: cruel of the East ).
IconographyIt generally appears couples some with Nuwa, the tails of snake training the lower part of their body being rolled up one around the other. They face or turn the back, holding in hand the square (Fuxi) and the compass (Nuwa) which could symbolize the ground and the sky. The instruments can be replaced by the moon and the sun, symbols of the Yin and the Yang. The oldest known representations are engravings on stone of the Han dynasty. On some, a third not-identified character appears between them.
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