Fusiliers of Assam
The fusiliers of Assam are a paramilitary Unité Indian. It is currently made up of 33 battalions of Assam Rifles under the command of the Indian Minister of Interior Department.
The first incarnation of what is now the fusiliers of Assam was the Cachar Levy , a paramilitary force of police force made up of 750 men, trained of the time of the Raj British, in 1835 and intended to protect from the colonial establishments against tribal and different incursions while the British capacity spread in the North-East of the Indian Sous-continent. In 1870, the structures existing are amalgamated in three battalions of military police force ( Assam Military Police ) confined in Lushai Hills, which will become later 1st battalion), in Lakhimpur, the future 2nd battalion, and in Naga Hills, the 3rd battalion. The fourth battalion will be made up only in 1915 with Imphal.
The name of the unit changed several times of military Police force of Assam ( Assam Military Police ) into Police force of the border ( Frontier Police ). During the First World War, its men belonged to the Indian forces which fought for the Great Britain in Europe and Orient and the name of fusiliers of Assam their was assigned in 1917 in recognition of their participation in the conflict. After the war, they were useful in India of north to fight against rebellions and riots.
During the Second world war, their main role was of control the surge of the refugees coming from Burma and fleeing the advance Japan ease. They organized also a group of resistance called Victor Force to the Burmese border to disturb Japanese communications behind the enemy lines. The men of the unit were also used with the battle as Kohima and gained there many quotations for their unit.
After the war and until Indian independence, the fusiliers of Assam, composed of 5 battalions, were assigned to tasks of civil police force under the command of the Inspector General off Police force of Assam. After independence, they transfer affected their own general inspector.
As gradually increased the importance of this force and the number of its battalions, the rank of its commander passed to that of general lieutenant.
The shortly after the earthquake of 1950 in Assam, the unit had the tasks to maintain the order and to help with the reinstalment of the homeless people. In October 1962, the fusiliers were the troops sent to the face at the beginning of the Guerre sino-Indian.
The fusiliers of Assam, except their competence of combat, are involved to provide, with the local populations, an medical assistance, an basic education, to contribute with the rebuilding and agriculture and to manage the communications in the distant areas.
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