Fulrad or Fulrade , born in 710 and dead the July 16th 784, was an abbot of Saint-Denis. It was also to advise and Chapelain King S Carolingien S, then Archiprêtre of the kingdoms of Austrasie, Neustrie and Burgundy.
HistoryIt is originating in a rich person family of the Pépinides. It was born into 710 with the country from the Seille (the Native of the Moselle region): the southernmost Austrasie and not the Alsace as one supposed a long time. Fulrad is “compatriot” of the Carolingiens and as originating in the same area as Pépin the Brief. This is why Pip-the-In short, Carloman and later Charlemagne chose it to carry out delicate missions. His/her father, Riculfe had immense properties in Alsace, of which Saint-Hippolyte which had been confiscated by Clovis with the Alamans, then by Pépin the Brief with the Etichonides. Fulrad built there into 760 a priory with Andaldovillare (firm of Fulrad) become Sankt-Pilt, then now Saint-Hippolyte in Alsace. Then in 770 it founded another monastery with Fulradocella of the name of its founder with Lièpvre. Work will last 7 years. This priory took then the name of Saint-Alexandre with like secondary owner Saint Cucufat. In the immediate vicinity also the descendants of the benefactors of the abbey of Wissembourg were, among which have meeting the name of Boniface, carried by a brother of Fulrad, of which one perhaps suspects family ties with him. In a charter of 781, Charlemagne grants said them of all the grounds close to Lièpvre. In 777 in its will he asks that after its death the two priories pass under the control of the royal abbey of Saint-Denis. In the same will it mentions that it has two brothers: Gausbert and Boniface and a Waldrade sister. It was to advise of Pip the Brief then of its two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman Ist It was also used for the Carolingian court as a Chapelain and Ambassadeur. He is the 14th abbot of Saint-Denis.
In 750, it is accompanied by Burchard to meet the pope Zacharie in order to make him approve the accession with the frank throne of Pip the Brief. Following the success of its mission, Pépin names it abbot Saint-Denis. This choice is also approved by the Zacharie pope. It ties alliances with the Francs. It will take the succession of Amalbert deceased into 750 until its characteristic died into 784. It makes rebuild the abbey on the model of Saint-Pierre of Rome. Fulrad is responsible for the royal vault into 751. It turns over several times to Italy on behalf of the Carolingian king. At the end of December 753 or January 754 and during three years, the Fulrad abbot will be employed with the direct service of the pope Etienne II. He will be mingled with all the events from which the temporal power will leave the popes. July 29th, 755, Fulrad accompanies the pope Etienne II in Rome after the first Carolingian forwarding in Italy. After its return of this Pépin forwarding the Brief also grants the castle of Mihiel Saint in the pagus verdinensis with all the dependences. There exist six bubbles of popes granted to Fulrad: four are signed of Etienne II into 757, two of Hadrian I, one of 781, the other of a dubious date, perhaps 774. In 764, the count Ruthard who knew Fulrad well to have accompanied it with Saint Maurice Were worth into 753 of it yielded to him a whole of goods in Brisgau to Binzen, Tumringen, Küttingen, Wollbach, Haltingen, Eimeldingen and Oettligen. The goods came from Alamans which theirs had been confiscated. Ruthard left the Rhine after having liquidated its familaux goods there and is established in Alémanie, whose Pépin the Brief had entrusted the administration to him. September 23rd, the count Wido, future marquis of Brittany, gave to Fulrad villae in Alsace and in Saulnois: Guémar (Ghémari), Orschwiller (Andaldovillare), Ribeauvillé (Ratbertivillare), Grussenheim (Geucinhaim), Andolsheim (Ansulfishaim, Schafersheim around Colmar and Sélestat. The day before its death, on September 23rd, 768, Pépin the Brief confirms in Fulrad all the donations which had been made to him by Widon for the villages of Guémar, Andaldevillers, Ensheim, Schoeffersheim, Grussenheim and Ribeauvillé. Fulrad founded other monasteries: in Lorraine with Salonnes, close to Castle-Saline, in the Bade-Wurtemberg with Esslingen-amndts-Nectar, close to the Lake of Constancy, in Herbrechtingen close to Heidenheim and Hoppentenzell close to Stockach with-north to the lake to Constancy. The objectives by Fulrad was the consolidation of the authority of Charlemagne in these lately conquered areas. January 13rd, 769 the monastery of Saint-Dié which was to 30 km of Lièpvre will be yielded by Charlemagne to Fulrad. Lothaire II become king de Lorraine into 855 gave this monastery to the count de Chaumontois into 860. Fulrad also built into 777 the church of Saint-Germain with Widensolen (Low the Rhine). Fulrad also receives properties in the area of Sarreguemines, like Bliderstroff and Auersmacher (close to Saarbrucken) by fortunate parents of Pip and generous givers whose names are quoted by name: Theudericus and Haribertus. Another badly identified character, Ermelindus will bequeath to Fulrad of the goods with Kochelingen and Fechningen and perhaps Völklingen in the Saar. Another character, Chrodharde will give three villae in Alsace, Friedolsheim, Hindesheim and Mauchinheim.
Fulrad dies 17th of the Calends of August of year 784 according to the former necrologist of the Abbey of Saint-Denis (July 16th, 784). The épithaphe that drew up the monk-scientist to him Alcuin mentions that its body had initially buried in Saint-Denis. One can read “ there that Fulrad was most famous of all the abbots who controlled the abbey of Saint-Denis. He lived in the highest regard and a nearly general approval, cherished by five popes, three kings and of the largest characters of his century ”. Its body was transferred then to the priory from Lièpvre to an unspecified date. According to the legend, its tomb was ransacked in 1445 by the Count Palatine and the troops of the bishop of Strasbourg in response because Lièpvre had been subjected to the Armagnacs not to make endure useless sufferings with the population.
With its own patrimonial goods, it based the Prieuré Saint-Hippolyte on the family grounds. Towards 770, with the assistance of Charlemagne, it contributed to found the priory Saint-Alexandre of Lièpvre (Haut-Rhin), then in 777 that of Salonnes in Lorraine.
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