Frederic Japy (born the May 22nd 1749 with Beaucourt, close to Montbeliard (Franche-Comté) - died the January 4th 1812 with the mill with Badevel), is with Armand Peugeot, the creator of modern industry and takes part in the rise of the country of Montbeliard.
It mechanizes clock making manufacture by machines which it even creates and thus concentrates to him all manufacture in the establishment of his father-in-law. It develops the “cities Japy”, quoted working which makes it possible to place the personnel which, formerly, worked in residence.
It belongs to the long list of the inventors of the country of Montbeliard.
A museum is devoted to its person with Beaucourt.
It is with the Locle that Frederic Japy learns the trade from clock and watch maker. Of return in its birthplace of Beaucourt, it repurchases the machines of Jean-Jacques Janneret-Gray and opens his own workshop. It conceives itself the machine tools which will be used to him to produce its parts.
Industrial innovationThe manufacture of parts for clock making industry was time of Japy makes it semi-skilled workers working in residence, and providing each one a very specific type of part. The organization of the factory of Japy watches was on this point innovating, Frederic Japy gathering his workmen in a share factory of the city. With a design and a use of machines intended for the series production, Japy increases with low costs the production paces while reducing the labor necessary. It deposits into 1799 the Brevet S of ten machines, including one machine to cut the wheels , a machine to split the screws , a turn to turn platinums of the watches . He insists in his descriptions on the fact that its machines can be actuated easily by disabled person or children. Its technical inventiveness not stopping with its core activity, Frederic Japy will still invent moreover a model of rotary pump of use nowadays.
Evolution of the Japy company after the transfer of power of Frederic JapyFrederic Japy wishes to diversify the production of his company in the field of hardware. This task is concluded by its three sons, to which it passes the capacity in 1806. Within the framework of this diversification, the company which is called from now on Japy Frères, and which was success thanks to the machine tools, develops a machine to draw the wire from steel (1810), a machine with to draw up, lengthen and point the wire for wire nails and to thread the metal and wood screws (1828). This successful diversification will be continued by the third Japy generation with the head of the company. But the initial industrial advance was not renewed. The social project, with workmen working in houses created for this purpose, carrying domestic industry and fixed hour of opening, appears, at the end of the 19th century, as exceeded. The Japy company succeeds in the launching of typewriters in Europe with the dépbut 20th century but loses its prevalence on the industrial innovation. The company Japy, very largely diversified, is gradually dismantled with the transfer of various branches of the mark.
External bondsAfter the transfer of various branches, the name of Japy from now on is associated with several companies.
- Clock industry Japy
- Refrigeration of milk Japy
- Bruno Jacomy, a History of the techniques , Editions of the Threshold, February 1990, sixth part, chapter 3.
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