Fraternal company of the one and the other sex
Founded in February 1790 per Claude Dansard, a Master of pension, the fraternal Company of the one and the other sex, Défenseurs of the Constitution had the role the civic education of the people in order to make pass the revolutionary assets in the daily life. The originality of this revolutionary club was that it largely opened its doors with the women.
The entry of the fraternal Société cost only two pennies. Dansard brought an end of candle, tinder and a lighter. When this one had suddenly missed, the participants cotisaient themselves to go to buy another of them. This weak lighting illuminated a platform decorated with a bust of Rousseau with two secretaries of female sex and two of male sex of share, and other of a president. The women and the men had sat on each side and were called “sister” and “brother”.
The members of the fraternal Société , whose Pip-Degrouhette, Tallien, Merlin of Thionville were presidents, discussed freedom, fatherland, Constitution with a heat which went far beyond the zeal of the Jacobins.
The fraternal Company of the one and the other sex also claimed the reform of the marriage, the divorce and the education of the women. In February 1791, it passed a resolution according to which “all the young ladies or women of the Company who should marry would not never marry what is called an aristocrat”.
In the beginning, its meeting room was the library of the Couvent of the Jacobins until the moment when the Société of the Friends of the Constitution which met, as for it, in the church of the convent of the Jacobins, proposed to them to exchange their meeting rooms. The fraternal Société thus became a kind of branch of the Jacobins. Marat rented besides the energy of the women of the fraternal Société by opposing it to chatterings Jacobins.
It is with the fraternal Société that Jacques Hébert met his wife, Francoise Goupil, an old nun of the convent of the Design.
- Etta Palm d' Aelders
- Jacques Hébert
- Louise-Happiness of Kéralio
- Pauline Leon
- Théroigne de Méricourt
- Manon Roland
- Merlin of Thionville
- Isabelle Bourdin, popular companies in Paris during the Revolution , Paris, Bookstore of the Sirey Collection, 1937
- Marie Cerati, the Club of the revolutionary republican citizens , Paris, social Editions, 1966
- Charles Engelbert Ölsner, Biographical note accompanied by fragments of its memories relating to the history of the French revolution , ED. Alfred Stern, Paris: , 1905
- Marc de Villiers, History of the clubs of women and the legions of Amazones (1793-1848-1871) , Paris, Plon-Nourishes and Co, 1910
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