BiographyHis/her father is Sir Francis Willughby (1590-1665) and his mother Lady Cassandra Ridgeway (1599-1675), girl of the duke of Londonderry. Three children reach the adulthood: Lettice (1628-1696) which Marie with Sir Thomas Wendy d' Haslingfield, Catherine (1630-1694), who Marie with Clement Winstanley de Braunstone and Francis. This last studies with the school Sutton Coldfield and Trinity College with Cambridge where, it follows the lesson of John Ray (1627-1705). In 1662, they travel together on the west coast of the England where they study the reproduction of the Oiseau X of sea. Between 1663 and 1666, they traverse the Europe and in particular with the Netherlands, in Germany, Suisse and Italy. They separate with Naples and Willughby turns over in its country while passing by the Spain.
See also: John Ray#Un large travels to Europe, John Ray to have more detail on the voyage of two men in Europe
In 1665, it inherits the goods his/her father and Marie, in 1668, with Emma Barnard (1644-1725). From this union will be born three child: Francis (1668-1688), Cassandra (1670-1735) and Thomas (1672-1729). In 1671, a relative distant from Francis, Sir William Willughby (v. 1630-1671), dies and he inherits rich person properties to Muskham and Carlton, in the Nottinghamshire.
Of return in Great Britain, they work out a project to publish the results of their observations but Willughby dies during the preparation of this work. Ray publishes the Ornithologia libri very of Willughby in 1676, followed by a version in English language two years later. One often regards this publication as the birth of scientific ornithology in Europe, by revolutionizing in particular the ornithological Taxinomie by the importance attached to the anatomical characteristics. But Ray, faithful to its friendship with Willughby, does not mention the share that it personally took in the development of this book. Ray publishes also De Historia piscium of Willughby in 1686.
Its will envisages in particular the legacy of the sum of five thousand books to his/her Cassandra daughter, in preparation for her marriage. The education of these three children is entrusted to John Ray who receives a pension of sixty pounds annual and with life.
Its classification will be without rival for a long time. She exceeds even the system linnéen. In 2003, the scientific study of the plays of Willughby off appears under the title of Francis Willughby' S Book Ranges . This publication makes it possible to in detail discover many plays of the 17th century. For the first time in English language, this book as is important, for the history of the plays, as its Spanish equivalent Libro of los juegos .
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