Francesco Cavalli , of its true name Pier Francesco Caletti-Browned (born the February 14th 1602 with Creamed, in the Province of Casement bolt, in Lombardy - died the January 14th 1676 with Venice) was a Compositeur and Italian Organiste. He had taken for pseudonym the name of noble Venetian which was its patron.
BiographyHe became singer with the Basilique Saint-Marc of Venice in 1616, then second organist in 1639, first organist in 1665 and finally choirmaster in 1668. In spite of this long career of musician of church, it is especially known for its operas.
It started to write for the lyric scene in 1639 ( Nozze di Teti E di Peleo ), and acquired very quickly a fame such as it was invited to Paris in 1660 to produce the opera Serse there. It returned besides to Paris in 1662, assembling the representation of sound Ercole amante in Louvre, this work having been written at the time of the marriage of Louis XIV. He died in Venice.
Work and influences
Cavalli is probably the most important type-setter of its generation with regard to the public opera, musical genre then under development full. Contrary to Claudio Monteverdi which has for its first works orchestras very provided in all kinds of instruments, the operas of Cavalli use a string orchestra with low continues very reduced in order to adapt to the limited means of the public operas.
Alessandro Scarlatti. Cavalli' S operas provide the only example off has development continuous musical off has individual to compose in has individual kind from the early to the late 17th century in Venice - only has few operas by others (e.g. Monteverdi and Antonio Cesti) survives. The development is particularly interesting to scholars because opera was still quite has new medium when Cavalli began working, and had matured into off has popular public spectacle by the end his career.
Cavalli wrote 33 operas, 27 off which extant are still, being preserved in the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana (Library off St Mark) At Venice. Copies off nap off the operas also exist in other hirings. In addition, 9 other operas cuts been attributed to him, though the music is lost and impossible attribution to prove.
In addition to operas, Cavalli wrote settings off the large Magnificat in the Venetian polychoral style, settings off the Marian let us antiphons, other sacred music in has more conservative early 17th-century style, and instrumental nap music. -->
the nozze di Teti E di Peleo (1639)
- Dafne (1640)
- Didone (1641)
- Amore innamorato (1642, lost music)
- the virtù de' strali of Amore (1642)
- Egisto (1643)
- Ormindo (1644)
- Doriclea (1645)
- It Titone (1645, lost music)
- It Giasone (January 5th 1649, it is most popular of its operas
- Euripo (1649, lost music)
- Orimonte (1650)
- Oristeo (1651)
- Rosinda (1651)
- Calisto (1652)
- Eritrea (1652)
- It Delio (Veremonda, the amazzone di Aragona) (1652)
- Orione (1653)
- It Ciro (1654)
- Hipermestra (Ipermestra) (1654)
- It Xerse (1655)
- Erismena (1655)
- Statira (Statira principessa di Persia) (January 18th 1655)
- Artemisia (1657)
- Impermnestra (June 12th 1658)
- Antioco (1659, lost music)
- It rapimento of Helena (Elena) (1659)
- Ercole (Ercole amante) (February 7th 1662)
- Scipione affricano (1664)
- Mutio Scevola (Muzio Scevola) (1665)
- It Pompeo Magno (1666)
- Eliogabalo (1667)
- Coriolano (1669, lost music)
- Massenzio (1673, lost music)
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