Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola
See also: Carmagnole
Born obscure parents, Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola is initially guard of Pourceau X, then Valet of army. Entered like private in 1412 the troops of Philippe Marie Visconti, duke of Milan, it is distinguished under the eyes of this prince, is soon raised by him with the command of all its armies, and becomes the liberator of the Milan board. It ends up becoming odious in Visconti, which fears its power, and flees with Venice in 1424. The Venetian ones entrust the direction of their forces to him.
It overcomes with Macalo, in 1427, the four most skilful generals of the Italy, Francesco Sforza, Niccolò Piccinino, Ange of the Pergola and Guido Torello; but its generosity towards the prisoners makes it suspect to the Conseil of the Ten. Some reverses, and in particular a defeat tested by the fleet in 1431, having appeared to confirm the suspicions, it are recalled to Venice in 1432; it made a triumphal entry there, but the shortly after its return it is thrown in irons and soon it dies on the scaffold.
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