BiographyWire of the mason Giovanni Domenico Castelli, Borromini begins itself its career as mason and share very quickly with Milan to learn and carry on its activity. In 1619, it leaves to Rome where it changes its name (of Castelli with Borromini) and works for a distance relative, Carlo Maderno, on the Basilique Saint-Pierre. With died of Maderno, it joint with the group of Gian Lorenzo Bernini with which he carries out the palate Barberini de Maderne.
In 1634, Borromini carries out its first personal work, the rebuilding of the church San Carlo Borromeo (certain authors think that it is at this time that it changed its name).
For the church Sant' Agnese in Agonic line, which is on the Piazza Navona with Rome, it transforms the original plans of Girolamo Rainaldi and of his/her Carlo son which envisaged the main entrance on via dell' Anima. The frontage was widened to include sides of the close palate Pamphilj, thus gaining space for the two bell-towers (the two turns have a clock, as in Saint-Pierre, one for Roman time, the other for the tempo ultramontano , the European hour).
Borromini loses its project however before it had time to complete it. The death of the Pope Innocent X puts an end to its project, the new pope and prince Camillo Pamphilj pointing out Rainaldi. This last however did not change too the plans of Borromini and the church is regarded as being the expression of the concepts suitable for Borromini. In fact, these concepts were regarded as a solution with vain research of the Bernin for the frontage of Saint-Pierre. At the time of the summer 1667, Borromini, suffering of nervous disorders and depression, commits suicide after having completed the vault Falconieri (the principal vault) of the church San Giovanni dei Fiorentini, where it was buried.
WorksAmong the achievements of Borromini, one can note:
- San Carlo ale quattro fontane;
- Sant' Agnese in Agonic line;
- Sant' Ivo went Sapienza;
- Midsummer's Day Basilica of Lateran;
- Chiesa Nuova ;
- Cappella Spada ;
- the gallery of columns of Palazzo Spada, (Horn the eye);
- Sant'Andrea delle Fratte ;
- Oratorio de' Filippini ;
- Collegio de Propaganda Fide;
- Santa Maria dei Sette Dolori;
- San Giovanni in Oleo (restoration);
- Palazzo Giustiniani (with Carlo Fontana).
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