Formosa is a province Argentine, located at the North-East of the country. It is bordered in the west by the province of Salta, in the south by that of Chaco and in the east as in north by the Paraguay. Its capital is Formosa.
It extends between the parallels 22° and 27° from southern latitude and the meridian lines 57° and 63° from western longitude from Greenwich. It is crossed in its northern part by the Tropic of Capricorn, which locates it in the subtropic of the country.
Sebastián Gaboto and Diego García explored the area at the beginning of XVIe century in order to find a road since the mountains of the Vice-royauté of Peru until Asunción. Because of the bad navigability and irregularity of the rivers Río Pilcomayo and Río Bermejo, their attempts failed.
The first colonial establishment was Concepción del Bermejo founded in 1585. But it was necessary to await the end of the Guerre of fine Triple Alliance of the XIXe century so that its population starts to increase.
GeographyFormosa is in the geographical area called in Argentina Région of Chaco. It has a structure of relief very uniform with a light slope of the North-West towards south-east.
Climate and vegetation
The climate is subtropical with rains during all the year in the east, while the remainder of the territory has one dry season in winter. The climate is drained gradually is in west, with the reduction in precipitations. The difference in moisture determines differences in the vegetation. Close to the rivers one observes gallery-forests, including/understanding species like the Algarrobo or Prosopis will nigra , the Palo amarillo and the Palo santo. More in the west the typical forest of Chaco appears where the quebracho coloured and the white quebracho push, the lapacho or tabebuia , the urunday (or astronium balansae ) and the Palmier S Butia yatay and pindó (or syagrus romanzoffiana ).
Water resourcesThe normal slope of the ground determines the course of the ríos Pilcomayo, Bermejo or Teuco, and other rivers which run those parallel to. The río Pilcomayo receives water coming from the snow melt of the tops of Bolivia, and its bed is very changing. The río Bermejo is born in the North-West from Argentina. The two rivers are tributary of the Río Paraguay
Traditionally agriculture has a great role in this province.
- Cultures : the principal ones are the Coton, the Riz, the fruits (Banane S, grapefruits, melons) and vegetables (marrow S, Piment S and Tomate S)
- Forestry development : the use of wood had a great development since the beginning of the XXe century. The production of tannin was extremely high.
- Elevage : represented by more than one Bovine million S, especially crossings of races British (Aberdeen Angus, Shorthorn and Heresford) and Zebu (Brahman and Nelore). One raises also Caprin S and Buffle S.
- Mines : the oil exploitation began in 1984 but in reduced quantity.
- Industry : to underline the production of tannin, to manufacture adhesives, additives and products for the treatment of the skins. Let us note the importance of the textile sector (cotton, production of leathers and skins).
- Ordering Fontana
- Ingeniero Juárez
- Tired Lomitas
- Palo Santo
- El Colorado
- Juan B. Alberdi
- Laguna Blanca
a turning which should be made: the Parks Nacional Río Pilcomayo, with an interesting woodland and watery animal life (including caimans and anacondas).
detailed Chart of the province of Formosa
Beats-smg: Fuormuosas provincėjė
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