BiographyHe begins his career like cinematographic criticism in the reviews Hebdo-Film , Film-Sound Cinémonde and , then, after having carried out some advertizing films, he directs, in 1929, collaboration with Michel Sanvoisin, its first documentary under title Nogent, Eldorado of Sunday , showing Sunday crowd on a great beach.
Then he becomes assistant for the setting in scene of Rene Clair in the film Under the roofs of Paris (1930), of Jacques Feyder for the Big game (1934), Pension Mimosas (1935) and the heroic Village fair (1935).
In 1936, thanks to the assistance of Feyder, it succeeds in carrying out its first film, Jenny and it is at that time that it becomes acquainted with Jacques Prévert, the scenario writer who contributes to establish his reputation. The Flesh-colored-Prévert couple shows at the time of their first film, Drôle of drama , a remarkable agreement which does not cease being reinforced.
Quay of the fogs , turned in 1938, mark an important result in their collaboration. The film gains a great success thanks to the skill of Flesh-colored in the representation of outsides and the direction of the actors and to the great talent of Prévert which succeeds in amalgamating some of the topics of late surrealism, typical of its poetry, with an anxious atmosphere to which one owes certainly the charm of film.
In 1938, follow Hôtel of North and in 1939, remarkable the the Day rises where he tells the history of a workman who, at the time when he will be stopped by the police force in his room, revives the moments which led it to kill by love and, when the sun rises, commits suicide of a ball. In this very committed film, the figure of the workman, that the Popular front watch like social protagonist, becomes one of the topics of Prévert, which interpret reality in metaphysics terms whereby it is the destiny which traces the events of the life, a socially abstracted figure and anonymous. This form of existential fatalism will mark the end of the hopes of the first Popular front and it is not a chance if this year leaves also dramatic film Jean Renoir, the Rules of the game .
Follows in 1943, the Visitors of the evening , legend medieval with thorough formal research (although the realizer was not very satisfied with the costumes).
When Paris is released, Flesh-colored and Prévert present their masterpiece, Children of paradise , located in Paris of 19th century, which tells the stories which are around a famous MIME, Jean-Gaspard Deburau, and of a large actor, Frédérick Lemaître, their careers since their beginnings to the celebrity, of the love that they jointly carry in beautiful Garance. The film succeeds in fascinating by the direction of the account, by the address with which figures and events are presented, by the care put at framing and the photography and especially by the prowess of the actors, of Jean-Louis Barrault with Pierre Brasseur, of Arletty to Maria Casarès, of Marcel Herrand with Gaston Modot. The following year, Flesh-colored and Prévert connect with a new masterpiece the Doors of the night
Thereafter, it produces less important works, but however of quality like Therese Raquin (1953), the Cheaters (1958), Three rooms in Manhattan (1965), the Young Wolves (1968) and the Assassins of the order (1971).
Homosexual, Marcel Carné treated in several of his films, a secondary or sometimes oblique way, homosexual topics: ambiguous relations between Jean Gabin and Roland Lesaffre in Air of Paris , the character of Laurent Terzieff, which is made maintain by people the two sexes in the Cheaters , the bisexual gigolo of the Jeunes Wolves .
Catalog of films
- 1929 : Nogent, Eldorado of Sunday
- 1935: Pension Mimosas of Jacques Feyder, assistant realizer
- 1936: Jenny
- 1937: Funny of drama
- 1938: Quay of the fogs
- 1938: Hotel of North
- 1939: the Day rises
- 1942: Visitors of the evening
- 1945: Children of the paradise
- 1946: Doors of the night
- 1947: the Fleur of the age , unfinished film
- 1950: the Marie of the port
- 1950: Juliette or the Key of the dreams
- 1953: Therese Raquin (according to the novel Therese Raquin of Emile Zola)
- 1954: Air of Paris
- 1956: Country from where I come
- 1958: the Cheaters
- 1960: Waste ground
- 1962: Of pimpernel for the small birds
- 1965: Three rooms in Manhattan
- 1968: the Young Wolves
- 1971: Assassins of the order
- 1974: the Marvellous Visit
- 1977: the Bible
- 1991: Fly (unfinished)
- European Film Award (1995)
- Life Achievement
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