Flag of Scotland
The flag of Scotland raises a white Sautoir, a the crux decussata representing the cross of the Christian martyr Saint Andre, owner of the Scotland on a blue bottom. It is often known under the name of Croix of saint André or The Saltire (English saltire) . In language Héraldique it is blasonné of azure, with the money saltire.
It is the one of oldest Drapeau X in the world, traditionally dated from the IX|9 e century, and the oldest national flag still of use. According to the legend, the king Oengus II of Pictes (or King Angus ) carried out the Pictes and the Gaëls during a battle against the Angles under the king Aethelstan of East Anglia. King Angus and its men were encircled and it started to request for their delivery. During the night Saint Andre, which had been martyrisé on a diagonal cross, appeared in Angus and ensured it of the victory. The following day a white saltire on a bottom of blue sky appeared on the two sides and encouraga Pictes and Gaëls but made lose confidence with the Angles which were beaten. The cross of Saint Andre became thus the Scottish flag.
A proof of the use of this flag goes back to a few years later. In 1385 the Parlement of Scotland issues that the soldiers Scot must raise the cross of Saint Andre like distinctive sign. The oldest still existing flag and representing only one cross of Saint Andre goes back to 1503: a white cross on a red bottom. Before 1540 the legend of King Angus had been modified to include there the vision of the the crux decussata on a blue sky. Thereafter the cross of Saint Andre under his current form became the national flag of Scotland.
At certain times of the colors as clear as blue sky or as dark as the navy blue (a choice apparently moved by price changes of the dyeings according to the times was used), but the recent versions largely converged towards the official model of the Pantone 300. In 2003 a commission of the Écossais Parliament proposed that the Scottish government adopts this color like standard. It is useful to note that this blue is of a color slightly clearer than Pantone 280 of the Union Jack. The proportions of the flag are not fixed but are generally 5:3 or 3:2, the latter being often preferred. The width of the cross is it of 1/5 the height of the flag.
But the Scot use also the banner, a flag which takes again the drawing of the Scottish ecu, of gold to the lion of mouths surrounded by a treschor also of mouths.
|Random links:||Noës-près-Troyes | Lampourde d' Orient | Villeporcher | The Thirty Million Gladiator (Labiche) | Chogyur Lingpa | Clef_occidentale_de_Summerland|