Flag of Belgium
The Drapeau of the Belgium is composed of three vertical bands Noir E (with dimensions of the lance), red gold and . Article 193 of the Constitution (version 1994) mentions the colors, the weapons and the national currency: " The Belgian Nation adopts the colors red, yellow and black, and for weapons of the Kingdom the Belgium Lion with the legend: The UNION MAKES FORCE."
The Revolution brabançonne for originThe shortly after the representation of the Dumb woman of Portici (August 26th, 1830), flags with the most varied colors are raised in the town of Brussels. But the French flag floats on the frontage of the Town hall. Alarmed by this attempt at recovery of the Revolution by the partisans of France and the foreign leaders, Lucien Jottrand, lawyer and journalist with the drafting of the Mail of the Netherlands , load his/her friend Edouard Ducpétiaux to make revive the colors deployed at the time of the State-Belgium-Plain Revolution brabançonne of 1790 and transitory the .
As already, in February 1790, the partisans of France had tried to diffuse the French flag in Brussels, Ducpétiaux precipitates towards the Town square, and with some steps from there, the corner of the street of the Hill, fact irruption in the store of aunage of the Abts husbands. Marie Abts makes without delaying two flags made up of three bands of merino, placed horizontally.
The first will float with the Town hall in the place of the French standard; second is dealt with by friend of Ducpétiaux, Alexandre Vanhulst, in order to be held up with the head of the first company of the middle-class Guard and to rejoin the people of Brussels with the national cause. In the evening the Belgian flag completely replaced the French flag in the streets of Brussels.
September 30th, the Provisional government adopts officially the national flag, imitated soon by the National congress, whose colors originate in those of the ecu of old the Duché of the Brabant. The horizontal distribution is that of 1787, during the release of the Belgian provinces of the emperor Habsbourg Joseph II of Austria by Brabançons.
Towards the current flagOctober 30th all the army, including the urban Guards, is held to carry the national rosette.
A few months later, a decree of the provisional government of January 23rd, 1831, issues the vertical provision of the colors, the red with the pole. February 7th the national flag is the subject of an article of the Constitution, and, on October 12th, under the impulse of the department of the navy which wants to make agree the maritime house and the national flag, the black comes to the pole.
DescriptionThe Belgian flag is composed of three bands of equal width, black, yellow and red, placed vertically, and of proportions such as the length of the flag is with its height as four is to three.
The old horizontal provision of the colors will make last once its appearance about September 1832 when a royal decree grants flags of honor, not intended to be raised, with hundred communes which had been distinguished during the release of the territory. These flags commemorating the days of 1830 logically respect the primitive horizontal provision of the colors: three vertical bands black, yellow and red.
The colors of the Belgian flag are those of the ecu of old the Duché of the Brabant. It represented a gold lion (yellow) on bottom of sand (black), claws and teeth of mouths (red).
- J. Cuvelier, the flag of Belgium , Brussels, 1927, in the Bulletin of the Academy of Belgium, 5th series, volume XIII, pp. 234-260.
- A. of Guerlache de Gomery, How was born our flag , in Belgian Revue, n° special of September 1930.
- L. Lecomte, How was born our flag , in Carnet of Fodder, 2nd series, n° 6, pp. 481-493.
- Cyberflag : Flag of Belgium
- national Festival, flag and currency of Belgium
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