A fjord or fiord (Norwegian word, marked fiord ) is a glacial Vallée very deep, usually narrow and at the escarpées coasts, being prolonged in lower part of the Sea level and filled with salt water.
One often calls the Norway the “country of the fjords”, because they are extremely many and spectacular there. Longest of them is the Sognefjord. Also very known of the tourists is the Geirangerfjord.
Water at the bottom of the long fjords is salted very little: it is mainly resulting from torrents and the snow melt. It is about a fresh water and cold, therefore denser than the sea water with which it mixes little and under which it goes down.
In Scotland, one uses rather the local word firth . One finds also fjords in Iceland, in Alaska, New Zealand (the sounds , for example Milford Sound ), with the Canada (Labrador, Saguenay-Lake-Saint-Jean) and with the Chile (Patagonie). Famous the Mouths of Kotor, with the Montenegro, sometimes described like the European fjord southernmost, is in fact a immersed Canyon.
Fjärd is a Swedish word used on the east coast of the country, the bays of the west coast being called fjord , as in close Norway. The etymology of these words goes back to the old man Norrois where fjord or fjärd means both “maritime master key” or “channel”. For this reason, all bays or the straits called fjord or fjärd in Scandinavia does not correspond to the geological definition of the term. Thus, the Limfjorden Danish is rather a strait crossing the Jutland of north - and the Glafsfjorden is a big lake in Värmland.
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