The pilipino (or filipino ) is one of two official languages of the Filipino with the English. The pilipino is De facto but not Of swears based on the Tagalog (or tagal ), a language which belongs to the Austronesian group of the Langues austronésiennes. He is spoken like native tongue by 17 million people, and like a secondary language by 50 million people. The use made that there is today confusion between the terms pilipino and tagalog .
It is on November 13rd, 1937 that the National Assembly of Philippines decides to create an Institute of the National language to develop an official language. The tagalog is selected among the many dialects of Philippines to be used as a basis. This language becomes the pilipino into 1961 before becoming official language in 1973.
The pilipino is very close to the dialect tagalog spoken in the area about Manila on the island about Luçon. The vocabulary however consists of a great number of words borrowed from the Spanish , but also from others dialects of the archipelago.
The writing existed already before the discovery of the archipelago by Europeans. The alphabet then used to write tagalog is not it any more today, with the profit of an alphabet of the Latin type.
In the beginning the Filipino alphabet comprises 31 letters, including the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet as well as the letters ñ , L , rr , CH borrowed from Spanish and the letter ng of origin tagalog. In practice these letters consist of two glyphes present in the 26 basic letters. In 1987, the alphabet is revised and passes to 28 letters: only the additional letters ñ and ng are preserved.
Nowadays, the majority of the Filipinos lying in the cities speak the pilipino and English, in addition to their local dialect. But this is much less true in the zones most isolated from the country. Spanish quasi completely disappeared and survives only through its many loans. On the other hand, English occupies an increasingly important place, so much so that to mix English words and pilipino in the same sentence became a current thing. One speaks then about Taglish (tagalog + english).
- Dictionary of the languages
- Grammar tagalog
- Site in connection with the tagalog. University of Wisconsin (in English)
- Tagalog Alphabet prehispanic (in English)
|Random links:||Procambarus (Leconticambarus) | Bombyx of the poplar | GayLib | Vesanto | Madeleine Bleau | Acide_pantothénique|