The files is the name, given by the modern historians, with the systems of Roman fortifications established with the length of some of the borders of the empire. It thus marks the border between the Roman empire and the barbarian world, such as it was heard by the Romans, namely the people not speaking neither Greek, nor Latin. It has a defensive and customs goal.
more or less elaborate files were thus established on the majority of the borders of the Empire. Most famous are those built in the north of the province of Brittany (current island of Great Britain): the Hadrian's Walls, Antonin. Largest was established along the Rhine and of the Danube, by a succession of turns of guet, castella (forts), of fortified towns connected by a very dense network of Roman ways. A files of this type, but major and less dense, was built in North Africa.
Today, the files Roman in Germany is recognized like World heritage of humanity of UNESCO. The files Roman is reproduced on the Canon history of the Netherlands, official list of 50 topics, initiative of the government Dutch, whose first version goes back to 2006 and whose second version officially is accepted on July 3rd 2007.
'' files '' of Germanic
In Latin, files means simply way of patrol at the border. To allow a sight released on the enemy, the Romans had deforested large sides of forests. Many these paths exist still today in Germany. The Germanic files protected the provinces from Germanie higher and Rhétie, in front of the Champs Décumates. It consisted of more than sixty strengthened places, spaced of ten kilometers. They defended the border of the Roman Empire. One can quote that of Saalburg close to Bad Homburg, which is the only one to be rebuilt. Troop S of 500 legionaries and riders were stationed there, to prevent plunderings of the Germains in the zone controlled by the Romans. More than nine hundred turns of guet drew up along the files Rhenish, spaced from/to each other in order to be able to communicate between them by visual signals or sound according to the conditions of visibility, and as fast as possible to thus inform the next strengthened place of any German movement. The tower of guet n° 1 is in Rheinbrohl in the Rhineland-Palatina (caput limitis) .
The files Germanic was destroyed by the attacks of the Alamans into 258, which occupied the space ranging between the the Rhine and the the Danube. A new line of defense was organized by Aurélien (270-275) along the Rhine and of the It, affluent of the Danube, with Brigantium (Bregenz) like military camp.
At the 4th century, this files was defended by Federate Lètes Francs and Saxons with Mainz, Alamans on the higher Rhine (foundation of known as the Royaume alaman).
The files Danubian was articulated on a series of fortified towns, connected by a road of by-pass according to the course of the Danube. A river fleet supplemented the surveillance device.
files of North Africa
Walls on the island of Brittany
In the same order of idea Offa' S Dyke in the Essex lontemps is built after the departure of the Romans, which separates Saxons and Welsh.
- armed Roman with the Early empire
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