See also: Fiction (homonymy)
The fiction is based on imaginary facts rather than on actual facts.
“To want to put the fiction at the place of the truth” (Newton).
A work of fiction can come within province of the Cinéma, or Littérature. All the facts are not necessarily imaginary; it is the case for example Historical novel, which takes for base of the proven historical facts, but which benefits from the vacuity S of the Histoire to introduce characters there, events, drawn from the imagination of the author (as in Pardaillan of Michel Zévaco).
But if the events or the characters are imaginary, they do not have therefore being unreal : so that a fiction functions, it seems necessary that the member elect of the fiction can adhere to what is described. Absurd events, incoherent characters are as many things which cut the reader or the spectator of the account.
The fiction must thus create an impression of reality: the individual with whom it fiction address must himself be able to believe, during a limited time, which these facts are possible.
This suspension of incredulity is most obvious in the case of fictions deprived of fantastic elements, like the detective novel, or the historical novel. The events which are reported there, in spite of or thanks to their esthetisation, can arrive at somebody.
Within the framework of the Science fiction, they must represent a more or less plausible future. Technological advances of humanity are not necessarily at the base of this kind of work, but often represent the framework of it.
The case of fantastic is still different. H.P. Lovecraft or Stephen King often describes individuals with the banal daily newspaper whose life skids more or less suddenly, work then describing the manner with which these characters try to react (often rather badly) to these situations to which nothing prepared them. The suspension of incredulity is stronger here than in the more traditional novels, which probably explains why this literature is often regarded as a minor kind. As for the series X-Files , these accounts rest on the question: “and if it were true? ”
For the tales or the medieval fantastic one (Heroic fantasy), it is not a question for the reader/spectator to believe temporarily in the veracity of the facts presented. The tales then describe in a metaphorical way the universe in which the child lives. Within the framework of the medieval fantastic one, it is the coherence of the universe which makes it possible to the member elect to believe in the plausibility of the events, in a universe functioning according to other rules that ours.
The philosopher Hans Vaihinger developed in the Philosophy of “like if” a theory according to which any knowledge, even scientific, is fiction. We know only the phenomena, and build scientific models to think them, but let us not can strictly speaking know the gasoline of the things.
- the fiction was the subject of the essay of the session of June 2006 of the Épreuve Anticipated of French (EAF) in France for the series S and ES.
- Jean-Luc Moreau created in 1997 the romantic concept of Nouvelle fiction (ED. Criterion) in which authors such as François Coupry find themselves, Hubert Haddad, Frédérick Tristan, etc
- entered " fiction" site confabulated
|Random links:||Edmond Den | Rasende Roboter | Commutative contract | Gamberale | Yamaha YZ250 | Table_de_cheminement|