A fiber is an elementary, vegetable or animal formation, of filamentous aspect, being generally presented in the form of beams. One also employs this term by extension to indicate certain mineral or synthetic materials having the same aspect.
- natural fiber
- fiber of animal origin
- fiber of vegetable origin
- manmade fiber
- artificial fiber
- synthetic fiber
- mineral fiber
TypesThe fibers are presented to the natural state a little everywhere in the Univers. It are generally the framework of the vegetable (flax, Coton…). One also meets them in some mineral (Amiante).
The fibers can be classified according to their origin, their length, their consistency or even according to their use.
In general two big families are distinguished: the natural fibers and the fibers known as “chemical” but the Anglo-Saxon term of man-made fibers (fibers made by the man) would be appropriate better because all the fibers have a chemical composition. Thus the Coton is composed of Cellulose exactly like the Viscose manufactured by the man.
Fibers of vegetable origin (cellulose)
- Fibers principal
- secondary Fibers
Fibers of animal origin (proteinic)
Fibers of mineral origin (silicated)
Manmade fibers ( man-made fibers )
- artificial Fibers of vegetable origin
- Alginate, corn Fiber, Fiber of milk
- artificial Fibers of animal origin
- Chitin (shellfish carapaces)
- synthetic Fibers of organic origin
- Polyamide S
- Polyester S
- Chlorofiber S
- Acrylic S, Modacrylique S. the acrylic polymer is obtained by polymerization of the Acrylonitrile (CH2=CH - CN).
- Vinyl: The vinyl polymer is obtained starting from the Acétate of vinyl (CH3COO - CH = CH2); this fiber gradually supplanted an artificial fiber obtained starting from cellulose and from acetic anhydride: the acetate.
- Polypropylene, Elastodiène, Elasthanne, Polyurethane, Vinylal
- synthetic Fibers of mineral origin
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