The February 27th is the 58e Jour of the Année of the Gregorian Calendrier. There remain 307 days before the end of the year (308 so bissextile).
806: Charlemagne envisages the division of the kingdom between its sons. Charles, Pip and Louis see themselves allotting equitable shares of the kingdom, but the untimely death of the two first will leave to Louis only heir.
1510 : Alphonse Albuquerque, conquering the Eastern Indies, seizes the town of Goa, on the coast of the kingdom of Malabar. This city was, for a long time, the center commercial of all East, and one of the most opulent cities of the world.
1526 : Germanic Empire: In reaction to the formation of the League of Dessau , the Landgrave Philippe de Hesse and the prince Électeur Johann of Saxony constitute the Ligue of Gotha-Torgau , to which unite the majority of the Protestant States of the empire.
1531 : Schmalkalden: At the conclusion of the Diet of Augsburg (1530), Charles Quint orders the rigorous application of the Édit of Worms: the Lutherans must regain the Roman community. The princes who support Luther then decide to retort with the force by the force. With Schmalkalden, Philippe de Hesse, Johann of Saxony, the prince of Anhalt, the duke of Brunswick, the count of Mansfeld and all the last imperial cities with the Reform form a league for the defense of the Gospel .
- 1549 : Russia: For the decisions touching with the great businesses of the State (taxes, war…), the tsar Ivan IV calls upon representatives of all the Russia in a particular assembly: the Zemski Sobor , which joins together boyards, military chiefs, high clergy (crowned Council), merchants, civils servant of the chancelleries and representatives of the cities (news nobility). In 1550, the Zemski Sobor adopts a code which raises the price of the “Franchise” to pay the lord, thus worsening the constraint of the peasant.
1593 : England: In a message with the Common , Elisabeth affirms her right “ to agree or to be opposed to any action Parliament ” and she asks imperatively that “ no project having milked with the businesses of the State or changes in the ecclesiastical field was proposed ”.
1626 : The cardinal Richelieu promulgates an edict prohibiting the duels in France.
1642 : Letters patent concede the island of Montreal with Jerome Royer, sior of Dauversière and Pierre Chevrier de Fancamp, founding members of the Société of Notre-Dame, and confers the right to them to name a local governor, to build fortifications.
1751 : Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel of Jonquière sends Pierre-Marie Raimbeau de Simblin to build a fort of draft of the furs to the Lac of the Carp to block the British influence in the south of the Hudson Bay.
1778 : Treaty of alliance enters the king of France Louis XVI and the insurrectionists American. The French government did not wish whereas a thing: the weakening of the Great Britain. “never, said Choiseul, the English will cut the throat between them as much as I wish it”.
1813 : Frederic-Guillaume, king of Prussia, ratifies the treaty of Kalisz. This agreement remains secret to make it possible the Prussia to reinforce its army without the knowledge of Napoleon. After the entry of the Russians with Berlin, the Prussia breaks with the France.
1822 : With Paris, beginning of interior lighting with gas, thanks to the System Winsor.
- France: A decree institutes the National Ateliers, intended to reabsorb the Chômage by completing great work. The workmen, of which the Droit to work was recognized the February 25th, are registered per thousands at the office of recruiting: at the end of June, they are nearly one hundred thousand.
- Kingdom of Bade: A popular assembly formulates the “claims of March” (freedom of the press, Constitution, popular army, democratic justice). Similar gatherings take place in various German States.
1883 : The American Hammerstein Oscar, grandfather of the type-setter, obtain in the United States a patent for the invention of the first machine to roll the Cigares.
1886 : The German Karl Benz receives a patent for the invention of his “Motorwagen”, a vehicle with 3 wheels motorized by a machine with combustion interns .
1901 : Assassination of the Russian Minister for Propaganda following the repression of student's agitation.
1913 : In France, the lawsuit of the Bande in Bonnot ends with the death sentence of 4 members of this gang which terrorized the country; those will be carried out the April 21st according to. Jules Bonnot, the brain of the band, had been killed by the Republican guard the April 27th 1912, after having resisted during 5 hours to the police officers.
1917 : Petrograd: The dissatisfaction which did not cease growing in Russia since the entry in war leads to a political revolution: the tsar Nicolas II abdicates the March 15th. Since the beginning of February, the situation in the capital, Petrograd, became explosive. The demonstrations follow one another, the slogans are political: “The war has low! With bottom aristocracy! ”. The Bolcheviks call with the general strike. February 27th, the army, instead of shooting at crowd, is joined the insurrectionists. She releases the prisoners and places herself under the orders of the Douma, which takes care from now on executive power and names a government whose lawyer Alexandre Kerensky is the strong man. Individual freedoms are restored: the revolutionists, whose Lénine, can return of exile or Siberia. Workmen and soldiers, to whom nothing was granted, obtain autonomous political structures, the Soviet S.
- 1933 : Set fire to Reichstag, one obtains the consents of a suspect, Marinus van der Lubbe, which will be condemned to died the December 23rd. This act allowed NSDAP the monopolization quasi-absolute of the capacity.
1948 : The States of the East become “ people's democracies ” where the Communisme is the only Master of the political life.
1958 : A law makes compulsory the insurance civil responsibility for the terrestrial motor vehicles.
- Dawn Fraser, swimmer, carries the world records of the 200 m free to 2 mn 11 S 6.
- Elisabeth " Betty" Cuthbert, sprinteuse, short the 60 m in 7 second 2 and beats the world records of the discipline (16 world records in its career).
1982 : One announces the discovery of a Insecte old momifié of 40 million years; it is about a Mouche found in the resin of a tree. It is the oldest specimen which one has where structures, like the core of a cell, can be raised.
- After 2 world records of speed skating (1 500m in 1 ' 51" 29 and 5.000m in 6 ' 34" 96) Johann Koss beats that of the 10.000 in 13 ' 30" 55.
- Fence of the XVIIème Winter Olympics of Lillehammer. The Norway, country host, collects the greatest number of medals, that is to say 26, while the Russian athletes set out again with 11 gold medals.
- In Ireland, the law on the divorce between into force.
- with the the United Kingdom, a law prohibits the possession of the majority of the firearms.
- the Philharmonique of Vienna agree after 155 years of existence to accommodate women in its rows. The members of the prestigious orchestra finally yielded to the increasingly strong pressures so that fall this last male bastion from the traditional musical world.
- Bernard Lavilliers is condemned to 10.000 francs of fine, and its driving license is suspended for 9 months. Under the influence of alcohol, the French singer armed with a knife was caught some with two young soldiers on vacation.
- Left with the the United States film “ Dark City ” film australo-American carried out by Alex Proyas.
- Nancy Morrison , doctor in Nova Scotia, is released from a charge of murder for the “suicide assisted” of one dying.
- Helmut Kohl announces the list of the eleven countries selected to launch the Euro.
- With the Mozambique, of the torrential rains, worst since 50 years, and the passage of the Eline cyclone, force thousands of people to take refuge in trees or on roofs of dwellings; in spite of the international mobilization, one will count nearly 492 dead and a million homeless person.
- the car manufacturer Renault announces the closing-down of its factory of Vilvoorde, Belgium, which employs 3.100 people to manufacture the Clio and the Mégane.
- the Court of appeal validates the procedure of the file of the government contracts of OPAC (HLM of Paris) within the framework of which its president Jean Tiberi, mayor of Paris, is put in examination for " concealment of abuse of corporate asset ".
- Epidemic of Foot-and-mouth disease: The ministry for French Agriculture decides to proceed to demolition and the destruction, by precautionary measure, of the 10.000 Ovin S still alive British (on the 20.000 imported). All the Ovine S coming from intra-Community trade, and whose origin cannot be certified, will be shot down by precautionary measure.
- First selection in Team of France of Woodland football of Mickaël. The France beats the Germany 1 to 0.
- the general secretary of UNO Kofi Annan request the opening of an investigation after the conclusions of an overpowering ratio making to state of many sexual cases of exploitation children taken refuge in Africa of the West by the humane workers. The report/ratio is very quickly buried (as of the following day) for géner anybody.
- Left the film Amen of Costa-Gavras. Discussed evocation of the " silences " of Pie XII vis-a-vis the Holocaust. We know some more about this subject from the exit of the files of the the Vatican of the letter of Edith Stein (April 1933).
- Cinquantehuit militants hindouists finds death, in the west of the India, in a train set fire to by Musulmans in anger.
- Fine of the Frankly Belgian ! The Euro is into force since January 1st, but the Belgian Franc cohabited for one short period.
- One month day for day after the first suicide bombing made by a woman in Israel, another Palestinian explodes the explosives that it transports during a control of iddentity.
- Eric Vine , husband and producer of Eve Valois, known under the name of Milk Ferrari, is put in examination for the murder of the actress, almost two years after its death, the March 5th 2000. A recent report/ratio of expert on the Autopsy concluded with a death by Asphyxiation. It spent two years to release the centres (130 bonnet F!!! , world records recorded with the " Guinness Book of the records ") and to reach the lungs to examine them. The February 20th 2007, a nonsuit was returned in favor of Eric Vigne .
- Opening of the 3rd living room of the Sandwich to the Palate of the congresses of Paris with exhibitors French, British, Belgian, Dutch, Italian and Spanish.
- Biljana Plavsic, the former president of the Serb entity of Bosnia, is condemned to 11 years of prison by the International penal court for ex-Yugoslavia (TPIY) for crimes of a “extreme gravity” between 1992 and 1995.
- the project of the architects Daniel Libeskind and David Childs is officially selected to replace the twin towers of the World Trade Center of New York destroyed in the Attentats of September 11th, 2001.
- After thirty-four years of career, the founder of the house Torrente, Rose Puts , decides to take its retirement.
- the Iraq gives its agreement “of principle” to the order of the the United Nations aiming at destroying the missiles Al-Samoud-2 .
- the two thousand employees of Air Lib receive their letter of dismissal.
- the Safety advice of the United Nations vote the resolution 1528 which authorizes the deployment of the Opération of the United Nations in Ivory Coast (ONUCI) for one twelve months duration.
- Departure of " the 1st Deck chair of the Desert " , Rally-raid of the type Dakar. But of enormous differences between the two rallys: the respect of the populations, the environment… and the sport.
- the militant nationalist Basque of the ETA, Igor Angulo, 32 years, condemned to a 34 years sorrow years of prison, and imprisoned since 1996, is hung in its cell, of the prison of Cuenca, in Castille it Manche, Spain.
- Beginning of the lawsuit of Rachid Ramda, person in charge of the attacks of 1995 in France, after 10 years of protection of the government of Great Britain.
- 272 : Constantin Ier, Roman Emperor († May 22nd 337)
- 1691: Edward Undermines, editor British († 1754)
- 1732: Raymond de Boisgelin, archbishop French († August 22nd 1804)
- 1736: Rene Madec, sailor and adventurous Breton French, nabob of the Large Mogol († 1794)
- 1767: Jacques Charles Dupont of the Eure, born with Neubourg (the Eure), lawyer at the Parliament of Normandy, member of the the Council of the Five hundred (1798), President of the imperial court of Rouen, keeps seals. († March 3rd 1855).
- 1799 : Frederick Catherwood, illustrator and British architect († September 20th 1854).
- 1807 : Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet. († March 24th 1882)
- 1823: Ernest Renan, writer, historian, archeologist and orientalist French.
- 1823 : William Buel Franklin, American general E.
- 1873 : Enrico Caruso, lyric singer Italy N († August 2nd 1921).
- 1881 : Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, mathematician Danish († 1966).
- 1884 : Alexandre Arnoux, writer French († January 5th 1973).
- 1890 : Vaslav Nijinski, principal dancer († 1950).
- 1892 : William Demarest, American actor († December 28th 1983)
- 1897: Bernard Ferdinand Lyot, astronomer French († 1952).
- 1899 : Charles Herbert Best, physiologist and Co-discoverer of the Insulin. († March 31st 1978)
- John Steinbeck, American writer , Nobel Prize of Literature in 1962. († December 20th 1968)
- Gene Sarazen, American golfor († 1999).
- 1903 : Grethe Weiser, actress († 1970)
- 1904: Andre Leducq, runner French.
- 1904 : Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist († 1996)
- 1905: Franchot Thunders, actor American († 1968)
- 1907: Mildred Bailey, American singer († 1951)
- 1912: Lawrence Durrell, British writer († 1990)
- 1914 : Yvan Audouard, journalist and writer, († in the night of the March 20th to the March 21st 2004
- 1917: John Connally, governor of Texas († 1993)
- 1922: Hans Rookmaaker, professor and historian of Dutch art († 1977)
- 1923: Dexter Gordon, saxophonist of American jazz († 1990)
- 1925: Guy Amouretti, pongist French.
- 1926 : David H. Hubel, Canadian scientist and nobelist of physiology and medicine in 1981.
- 1927 :
- 1928: Ariel Sharon, Israeli Prime Minister .
- 1929 : Djalma Santos, football player Brazil IEN
- 1932 : Elizabeth Taylor, American actress .
- 1933 : Raymond Berry, American football player
- NR. Scott Momaday, American writer
- Ralph Nader, American militant association and political personality .
- Van Williams, American actor
- 1935: Mirella Freni, Italian soprano
- 1937: Barbara Babcock, American actress .
- 1938 : Pascale Small (Anne-Marie Petit), French actress .
- 1939 :
- 1940 : Howard Hesseman, American actor
- 1941: Paddy Ashdown, British politician
- Mary Frann, American actress . († 1998)
- Morten Lauridsen, American type-setter
- 1945: Carl Anderson, American singer and actor († 2004)
- 1947: Marie-Laure Augry, journalist French.
- 1953 : Yolande Moreau, actress and Belgian director .
- 1954 : Neal Schon, American musician (Journey)
- Michele Rollin, director and critical cinematographic French.
- Viktor Markin, Russian athlete
- Adrian Smith, British musician (Iron Maiden)
- Adam Baldwin, American actor
- Grant Show, American actor
- 1963: Nikolai Golovatenko, former Russian racing cyclist , born with Kustanai.
- 1966 : Donal Logue, Canadian actor
- 1970: Michael A. Burstein, American writer
- 1977: Dimwaogdo Tiendrebeogo, jumping in height Burkinabe.
- 1980 : Chelsea Clinton, American girl of Bill Clinton, .
- 1981 : Josh Groban, American singer
- Fefe Dobson, Canadian singer
- Abe Asami. singer and Japanese actress.
- 1720 : Samuel Parris, puritan Pasteur of Salem (° 1653)
- 1759: Jakob Theodor Klein, German Naturalist (° August 15th 1685).
- 1887 : Alexandre Borodine, chemist and Russian type-setter (° November 12th 1833).
- 1892 : Louis Vuitton, manufacturing French luggage (° August 4th 1821)
- 1930: Ahmad Shah Qajar, last sovereign Iran IEN of the Dynasty of Qadjar.
- 1936 : Ivan Petrovitch Pavlov, physiologist and Russian doctor , Nobel Prize of medicine 1904 (° September 26th 1849).
- 1941 : James Joyce, writer Irish (° February 2nd 1882).
- 1959 : Paul Chabanaud, zoologist French (° 1876).
- 1963 : Rajendra Prasad, Indian statesman (° December 3rd 1884).
- 1969: Marius Barbel, anthropologist, ethnologist, Canadian folklorist (° March 5th 1883)
- 1973: Josepha Salted Mateo, senior of the Spanish (112 years and 228 days)
- 1977: John Dickson Carr, writer states-unien (° November 30th 1905)
- 1985: Henry Pooch Lodge Jr, political personality states-unienne (° July 5th 1902)
- 1986: Jacques Plants, hockey player Canadian (° January 17th 1929)
- 1989: Konrad Lorenz, Biologist and Austrian Zoologist , father of the ethology, Nobel Prize of medicine 1973 (° November 7th 1903),
- 1993: Lillian Gish ( Lillian Diana de Guiche ), actress states-unienne (° October 14th 1893)
- 1998: George H. Hitchings, scientific states-unien, Nobel Prize of medicine 1988 (° April 18th 1905)
- 1999: Stephan Sirkis, French guitarist (Indo-China) (° June 22nd 1959).
- 2006 :
- Journée fériée in Saint Christopher Nevis Anguilla
- the Dominican Republic celebrates the day of independence
- the République of Estonia festival its independence
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Galmier of Lyon († towards 650), metal worker and sub-deacon
- Herefrith de Louth († 873) bishop.
- Honorine de Graville (4th century) its body was carried to Conflans-Holy-Honorine.
- Jean de Gorze († 973 or 974) abbot.
- Léandre of Seville († 596) bishop.
- Procope Décapolite (8th century) confessor.
Catholic saints of the day
- Anne Line († 1601), English, Happy martyrdom
- Francoise-Anne To wax-Carboneli (1781 - 1855)
- Happy François-Xavier Bleached, priest, monk at the “Passionistes”
- Gabriel of Addolorata or Possenti (1838 - 1862)
- Happy Marie of Jesus Deluil-Martiny (1841-1884) celebrated with Antwerp
Orthodoxe saints of the day
- Tite of the Caves of Kiev († 1190), priest
- Tite of the Caves of Kiev (14th century), former warrior.
- February 27th in sport
- February 27th in the railroads
Beats-smg: Vasarė 27 Be-X-old: 27 лютага Fiu-vro: 27. radokuu päiv Nds-nl: 27 febrewaori Simple: February 27 Zh-yue: 2 月 27 號
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