The February 23rd is the 54e Jour of the Année of the Gregorian Calendrier. There remain 311 days before the end of the year (312 so bissextile).
- the pacification of Perth puts an end to the engagements in Scotland between the Regent and the partisans of Marie Stuart.
- an Irish rebellion is crushed with the rendering of James Fitzgerald.
- 1574 : Beginning of the fifth war of religion in France.
- 1689 : Guillaume III of Orange and Marie II become king and queen of England.
- 1835 : with the Opera of Paris, is created Jewish the opera in five acts of Jacques Fromental Halévy.
- 1836 : Beginning of the battles of Strong Alamo to San Antonio with the Texas (the USA).
- 1847 : Battle of Buena Vista to the Mexico, the American troops beat the army of the Mexican general Antonio López de Santa Anna.
- 1854 : The Great Britain agrees to evacuate the territory in the north of the river Orange, in South Africa, allowing the creation of a free State of Orange.
- 1861 :
- the president Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly at Washington after an attempted murder at Baltimore (Maryland, the United States).
- Secession of the Texas within the framework of the American Civil War.
- 1887 : The Riviera is struck by a strong seism which makes 2000 dead.
- 1893 : Rudolf Diesel receives the patent for the process of the diesel engine .
- 1898 : Emile Zola is imprisoned in France following the publication of “ I show ”, celebrates letter in which it takes the defense of the captain Alfred Dreyfus.
- 1903 : Cuba rents bay of Guantánamo to the the United States “with perpetuity”.
- 1904 : For 10 million dollars, the the United States take the control of the zone of the Panama Canal.
- 1905 :
- Paul Harris and three contractors founds the Rotary Club, first club of world service.
- Début of the battles of Moukden between Russian and Japan board.
- 1909 : Controlling its Silver Dart, with Badeck in Nova Scotia, John Alexander McCurdy makes a success of the first flight motorized in British ground.
- 1919 : Benito Mussolini form the Left national fascist ( Fasci di combattimento ) in Italy.
- 1921 : Arrival with New York of the first Transcontinental flight since San Francisco in 33 hours and 20 minutes.
- 1933 : The Japan undertakes the occupation of the China, in the north of the Great wall.
- 1934 : Léopold III becomes king of the Belgians.
- 1937 : Nankin: End of the congress of Kuo-mintang, which refuses the possibility of an united action with Mao against the Japan board.
- 1942 : A Japanese submarine bombards an oil refinery close to Santa Barbara, in California.
- 1943 : Eruption-birth of the volcano Paricutín with the Mexico.
- 1944 : The dictator Stalin abolishes the autonomous Republic of Chetchnia; a million inhabitants are exiled.
- 1945 :
- Release of Manila (Filipino) by the American troops.
- Capitulation of the German forces with Poznań (Poland) vis-a-vis the troops soviéto - Polish.
- the German city of Pforzheim is completely destroyed by a raid of 379 British bombers .
- France: Arrival of American food aid to the European civilians thanks to the Liberty ship .
- 1946 : with Manila, the Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita, who had taken Singapore, is hung for war crimes.
- 1947 : Foundation of the International organization of standardization (ISO).
- 1954 : The first vaccination of mass of children against the Polio with Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania, the USA)
- 1955: Edgar Faure becomes Prime Minister in France
- 1956: Nikita Khrouchtchev denounces the worship of the personality of Joseph Stalin.
- 1958 :
- the Cuban Cifuendes , pilot of Formula 1, at the time of the Grand Prix of Havana, loses the control of its car and leaves in crowd: 6 dead.
- Manual Juan Fangio, world champion of the drivers of Formula 1 in title, is removed before the Grand Prix of Havana by opponents castrist. He will be released 28 H later.
- 1959 : The European Cour of the human rights holds its first meeting with Strasbourg.
- 1965 : Stanley Matthews is the first British footballer anobli by the queen.
- 1966 : Military coup d'etat in Syria which reverses the government.
- 1968 : France: The right of access mixed is granted in the university residences.
- 1970 : The Guyana (ex- British Guyana) puts an end to its association with the Great Britain, but remains within the the Commonwealth.
- 1973 : The engagements continue with the Laos, in spite of the agreement concluded between the Laotian government and the Pathet Lao.
- 1974 : A conference of the Islamic countries, joined together with Lahore (Pakistan), denounces the American support for Israel and claims the evacuation of all the occupied territories.
- 1980 : Oil catastrophe: the tanker Irenes Serenade (Greece) lets escape 102 000 tons of crude in bay of Navarin (Greece).
- 1981 : Fallen through attempt at military Coup d'etat in Spain, by the colonel Tejero and his accomplices.
- 1982 :
- Spain: Nationalization of Rumasa, a holding of Jose María Ruiz Mateos by the government directed by Felipe González.
- For the first time for 72 years the France has beaten the Italy with the Football.
- 1984 : New confrontations are announced to Kabul, where new the Afghan president claims the endoctrination of the young people and the reinforcement of the army.
- 1985 :
- Addis-Abeba shows the Israéliens to have removed thousands of Ethiopian Jews, evacuated by plane of their country, touched by the Famine.
- Bomb attack with the Parisian store Marks & Spencer: a death and 14 wounded.
- 1986 : Hundreds of Spanish thousands of express against NATO.
- 1987 : Observation of a Supernova (Supernova 1987a) in the Clouds of Magellan.
- 1988 : Quebec: The preserving deputy André Bissonnette is discharged with his lawsuit for fraud and breach of trust, concerning the sale of grounds to the company Oerlikon; but the organizer Normand Ouellette is found guilty of fraud.
- 1990 : The Rocket ARIANE, with two Japanese satellites on board, explodes two minutes after its takeoff of the base of Kourou.
- 1991 :
- : The general Sunthorn Kongsompong carries out a coup d'etat strapping and deposits the Prime Minister Chatichai Junhavan.
- the prohibition of pirate radio station causes confrontations (10 dead) and acts of plundering with Saint-Denis of the Meeting.
- Eight hours after the official expiry of the American Ultimatum to the Iraq, the president George Bush announces the final stage of the release of the Kuwait. A few minutes later, the secretary with Defense confirms that a “terrestrial operation with large scales” is in hand to release the country.
- 1992 :
- Fence of the XVIe Winter Olympics to Albertville.
- the French lieutenant Giot carries out the rise and the redescente of the Aconcagua (more high summit of South America) in 5:57 mn and 59 S.
- Philip Artingstall lance same a Crepe 307 times and sign new world records. To be approved, the pancake must be made of 170 G paste (flour, eggs, milk), the frying pan must weigh at least 340 G and to have a base of at least 21,5 cm.
- the series TV Berverly Hills unloads in France.
- 1994 :
- with the Olympic Games of Lillehammer, Myriam Bédard gains gold to the 7,5 km of the Biathlon; the day before it had gained the test on 15 km.
- With the UNO, adoption by the Safety advice of a resolution establishing the civil police force of the Operation of the United Nations in Mozambique (ONUMOZ).
- 1997 :
- a fire declares in the Russian space station Mir, due to a malfunction of one of the oxygen cartridges.
- Of the British researchers announces the birth, seven months ago, of the ewe Dolly, first adult clone of mammal.
- a fire with Baripada, India, in a place of worship, keep silent 164 people.
- 1998 :
- the general secretary of UNO Kofi Annan and the Iraqi authorities manage an agreement on the access to the presidential sites of the inspectors of UNO in charge of disarmament.
- Partial privatization of Air France whose capital will be, to a total value of 20% maximum, put on the market.
- a Tornade in Florida makes 42 dead.
- Usama Bin Laden publishes a Fatwa declaring the Jihad against all the Juif S and the cross .
- in Algeria, the attack of a train by a commando Islamiste makes eighteen dead.
- Netscape announces the creation of Mozilla.org, to coordinate the development of the navigator Open source Mozilla Firefox.
- 1999 :
- a Avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür: 38 dead.
- the Kurdish rebel Abdullah Öcalan is shown of treason with Ankara (Turkey).
- the American authorities refuse to sell a communications satellite with the China.
- a Tupolev You-154 of the company China Southwest Airlines is crushed in the south-east of the China: 61 died, no survivor.
- NATO decides to face the renewal of tension with the Kosovo by redeploying some 2.000 men of six different countries, of which the France.
- the Florida carries out for the first time one condemned to died by lethal injection. Terry Melvin Sims is the forty-fifth condemned to death carried out in this State since the re-establishment of the capital punishment in Florida in 1979.
- a five year old child in anger leaves to seek the gun of his/her mother and turns over to the school to shoot at his/her comrades. Fortunately it wounds any no and the weapon falls to ground. That occurs to the the United States country from violent death by firearms in the schools.
- 2001 :
- the room of the instruction of the Court of Appeal of Paris validates the near total of the investigation on a possible traffic of weapons towards the Angola, in which Jean-Christophe Mitterrand is continued.
- Of the interethnic confrontations in the indonésienne part of Borneo causes the escape of thousands of people.
- a Séisme of magnitude 6.0 shakes the Chinese of the Sichuan and keep silent province 3 people.
- 2002 :
- Belgium: Beginning of the demonstrations of Bruges, European city of the culture.
- the old sénatrice Ingrid Betancourt, candidate with the next presidential election in Colombia, and Clara Rojas, are removed by rebels of the Revolutionary armed forces of Colombia (FARC). French
- Doubled in the male slalom of the OJ of Salt Lake City: Jean-Pierre Vidal gold medal, Sebastien Amiez medal of money.
- the France finishes with 11 medals the OJ of winter of Salt Lake City, marked by the scandal of the judges of the figure skating and several cases of doping.
- While going to make their races, a couple of South-Africans finds a ingot of gold in the Parking of a Shopping mall of Sandton.
- the Count Alvaro de Marichalar there Saenz de Tejada share of Rome, Italy, for Miami, the United States, in scootor of the seas for a ballade of 12.900 km. This site reports the crossing.
- an American soldier of elite is killed and another casualty by a sheriff associated in North Carolina, the United States. These two soldiers make party of the special forces, trained with high expenses by the the United States to face all tests, to fulfill all missions (combat and information) but cannot keep themselves of a sheriff associated with the easy trigger in a hole of their own country.
- Liu Haiyang, student Chinese decides to test the intelligence of the Ours zoo of Beijing in their launching sulphuric Acid and caustic Soda! It risks 10 years of Prison for this offense in China.
- 2003 : Candidature of the Croatia for the European Union.
- 2004 :
- a Seism of magnitude 5,3 key Besancon: no victim.
- the Iranian conservatives gain officially the absolute majority at the Parliament, according to the results of legislative denounced like a " fiasco historique" by the reformers.
- 2005 :
- the French Parliament vote a law, disputed: the school programs will have to explain “ the positive role of the French presence overseas and in particular in North Africa ”.
- Marcelle Petitjean receives Automobile Club of the West, a “platinum wheel” after 67 years of driving license without responsible accident.
- 2007 : France: Renaud Denoix of Saint-Marc, Guy Canivet and Jean-Louis Debré are named with the French Constitutional council. Jean-Louis Debré will be the president starting from the March 5th, until in 2016.
- Paul II ( Pietro Barbo ), 211e Pope of the Catholic church, 1464 with 1471. († July 26th 1471).
- Louis of Bavaria-Landshut, duke of Bavaria-Landshut. († January 18th 1479).
- 1463 : Peak of Mirandole, scientist, philosophical and humanistic Italy N.
- 1680 : Jean-Baptiste Moyne de Bienville, explorer, colonizer and French governor of the Louisiana († March 7th 1767).
- 1685 : Georg Friedrich Haendel, British musician of origin German E († 1759).
- 1744 : Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Banker , founder of the dynasty.
- 1800 : Sir William Gardens, seventh baron d' Applegirth, British Naturaliste († 1874).
- 1820 : Jakob Stämpfli, Swiss politician († May 15th 1879).
- 1834 : Gustav Nachtigal, German explorer .
- 1840 : Carl Menger, Austrian economist († February 26th 1921).
- 1850 : César Ritz, Hotel Swiss.
- 1860 : William Louis Abbott, Naturalist and a American Collector († 1936).
- 1863 : Franz von Stuck, painter German Symbolist .
- 1873 : Hansi, draftsman, graphic designer French
- Victor Fleming, realizer of American cinema. († January 6th 1949)
- Karl Jaspers, German philosopher († 1969)
- 1892: Genevieve Tabouis, journalist French († September 22nd 1985)
- 1899: Erich Kästner, German writer († 1974)
- 1904: William L. Shirer, American historian († 1993)
- 1904: Terence Fisher, British scenario writer († 1980).
- 2007 : Paul Tibbets, Pilot of the American Army which launched the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima the August 6th 1945 († November 1st 2007)
- 1924: Claude Sautet, scenario writer French, († July 27th 2000).
- 1928 : Vasili Lazarev, cosmonaut († 1990)
- Majel Barrett, American actress
- Jiri Menzel, Czech realizer
- 1934: Jacques Séguéla, advertizing executive French
- 1940: Peter Founded, actor American
- 1949: Marc Garneau, astronaut and Canadian politician
- : ED Jones, American football player
- : Patricia Richardson, American actress
- 1952: Brad Whitford, American musician (Aerosmith)
- Louis Bertignac, guitarist French of the group Telephone
- Viktor Iouchtchenko, politician (president) Ukrainian
- 1955: Howard Jones, British pop singer
- 1959: Clayton Anderson, American astronaut
- 1960: Naruhito, wire of Hirohito, emperor of the Japan.
- 1963 : Serguei Uslamine, former Russian racing cyclist , born with Kuybishev.
- 1970 : Marie-Josée Croze, Québécois actress.
- 1973 : Alexei Kovalev, professional hockey player (° Togliatti in Russia)
- 1983: Emily Blunt, British actress
- 1270: Isabelle de France, girl of Louis VIII of France (° March 1225)
- 1447: Eugene IV ( Gabriele Condulmer ), monk Benedictine Italy N, pope of 1431 at 1447 (° 1383).
- 1464 : Zhengtong, emperor of China (° November 29th 1427)
- 1572: Pierre Certon, French type-setter
- 1603: Andrea Cesalpino, philosopher, physicist and Italian botanist (° June 6th 1519)
- 1632: Giambattista Basile, Italian, known writer for its collections of Tale S, adapted by Charles Perrault and the brothers Grimm. (° 1566 or 1575).
- 1648 : Guillaume Cureau, painter and sculptor French.
- 1704 : Georg Muffat, German type-setter of Savoyard origin (° June 1st 1653)
- 1766: Stanislas Leszczynski, king de Pologne then duke of Lorraine (° October 20th 1677)
- 1792: Joshua Reynolds, British painter (° July 16th 1723)
- 1821: John Keats, British poet (° October 31st 1795)
- 1824: Blasius Merrem, German zoologist (° February 4th 1761).
- 1848 : John Quincy Adams, 6th president of the United States (° July 11th 1767)
- 1855: Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician, astronomer and German physicist (° April 30th 1777)
- 1903: Jean-Baptiste Clement, communard and author of the song the Time of the cherries (° 1836)
- 1930: Horst Wessel, ideologist Nazi and German type-setter (° September 9th 1907)
- 1931: Nellie Melba, Soprano Colorature Australian. (° May 19th 1861)
- 1934: Edward Elgar, British type-setter (° June 2nd 1857)
- 1955: Paul Claudel, playwright and poet French (° August 6th 1868).
- 1965 : Stan Laurel, actor states-unien (° June 16th 1890)
- 1969: Saoud IV of Saudi Arabia, king of Saudi Arabia (° January 12th 1902)
- 1973: Dickinson W. Richards, physicist states-unien, Nobel Prize of medicine 1956 (° October 30th 1895)
- 1990: Jose Napoleón Duarte, first chair democratically elected El Salvador. (° November 23rd 1925)
- 1995: James Herriot, British writer (° October 3rd 1916)
- 1997: Tony Williams, beater of jazz states-unien (° December 12th 1945)
- Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (° November 19th 1957)
- Stanley Matthews, British footballer (England) (° 1915)
- 2001: Robert Enrico, scenario writer French (° April 13rd 1931)
- 2003: Robert K. Merton, sociologist states-unien (° July 4th 1910)
- 2005: Simone Simon, French actress. (° April 23rd 1910)
national Festival of Guyana.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Alexandre Acémète (towards 430), founder of monastery
- Lazare of? (S)?
- Breton Madeg holy.
- Polycarpe of Smyrna († 167), bishop martyr
- Vétérin of Genoa (5th century), monk and evangelist in Anjou.
Catholic saints of the day
Orthodoxe saints of the day
- Polycarpe de Briansk (1449)
Beats-smg: Vasarė 23 Be-X-old: 23 лютага Fiu-vro: 23. radokuu päiv Nds-nl: 23 febrewaori Simple: February 23 Zh-yue: 2 月 23 號
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