The Faroe Islands (in Féringien: Føroyar , in Danish: Færøerne , meaning the “islands of the sheep”) is a group of island S in the north of the ocean Atlantique between the Scotland and the Iceland. It is a territory of the Denmark. Since 1948, they have a self government in all the businesses except for defense and of the foreign affairs.
See also: History of the Faroe Islands
The history of the Faroe Islands in old times is not very well-known. We know just that the Norwegian first which would have been established there, Grímr Kamban, was emigrating which wanted to flee the tyranny of Harald Ier of Norway, that is to say somebody who arrived on these islands before the reign of this king. On the 11th century, Sigmundur Brestisson, whose family had thrived in the south of the islands, was essential as chief of the archipelago in the name of the jarl Håkon Sigurdsson. The islands became then the possession of king de Norvège: Olaf Tryggvason . The Norwegian domination was maintained until in 1386, when the islands were integrated into the Union of Kalmar then to the double monarchy Denmark - Norway. Denmark seized the Faroe Islands with the Traité of Kiel in 1815.
See also: philatelic History of the Faroe Islands
See also: Geography of the Faroe Islands
The Faroe Islands set up a group of 18 islands located in the north of the Europe, between the Mer of Norway and the north of the Atlantic Ocean, roughly equidistant of the Iceland, the Norway and the Scotland. Its geographical coordinates are 62° Northern, Western 7°. Its surface is of 1.399 km ², and neither Lac S nor important Rivière S includes. There are 1.117 km of littoral but not common border with another country. The 18 islands name Fugloy, Svínoy, Borðoy, Viðoy, Kunoy, Kalsoy, Eysturoy, Streymoy, Vágar, Mykines, Hestur, Koltur, Nólsoy, Sandoy, Skúvoy, Stóra Dímun, Lítla Dímun and Suðuroy.
The Climat of the islands is oceanic, with the be S fresh and Hiver S soft, with the difference close the Brouillard S are frequent and that the Vent S are strong. The coasts of the islands are broken and rock, even if there is some Crête S basses ; the majority of the coasts are cliffs. The most point is Slættaratindur which culminates with 882 meters above the sea level.
See also: Political of the Faroe Islands
It is in 1948 that autonomy was issued and today, the inhabitants of the islands receive annual allocations on behalf of the Denmark. The islanders then divided to know if they would be completely independent or if they would depend for certain subjects on the Danish State.
As an autonomous territory, the Faroe Islands are a member of the Scandinavian Conseil. The Faroe Islands are not recognized by UNO as an independent nation.
See also: Economy of the Faroe Islands
After the economic crises of the Années 1990, which arrived because of the falls in the prices of the essential resource of the fishing of Poisson, the Faroe Islands have an unemployment rate lower than 5% since the mid- 1998. However, the economy is always based on fishing, it thus remains very dependant on the fluctuations in prices of fish. The Faroese ones must thus widen their economy with other sectors and first of all with the factories of conditioning of fish. The layers of Pétrole which were found in the Territorial water could make it possible the islands to have a more dynamic economy.
See also: Demography of the Faroe Islands
See also: Culture of the Faroe Islands
The language used is the Féringien which is much closer to the Icelandic than of the Danish. The expression “Faroe Islands” is redundant since the terms øerne and oyar mean already islands .
SportThe Faroe Islands are recognized by the International federation of football association (FIFA) like Member State. Thus the Fédération of the Faroe Islands of football (approximately four thousand bachelors in the years 2000) organizes the Championnat of the Faroe Islands of football and governs the team of the Faroe Islands of football for international competitions.
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