Fanzine of cartoon
The Fanzine S have a very important place in the history of the Cartoon starting from the Années 1960 with the the United States and during the following decade in the countries of Europe, in particular French-speaking.
The United StatesIn the United States, the market of the fanzine of comic strip is distinguished from that of the comic-book by its contents and its diffusion and not by its format, its mode of impression or its pagination. Many fanzines ( comix ) is published besides by true companies which with time will be professionalisront (RIP off near, fantagraphics, kitchen sink near). During the Années 1970 it is difficult to publish comix which do not speak about sex and drug. This aspect défoulatoire does not prevent the authors of comix from at the time covering completely unexpected social subjects as a cartoon.
Some fanzines emblematic
- Das Kampf , 1963, by Vaughn Bode. One regards this comic-book car-published as the first comix underground. The same author will make also Junkwaffel (1972), Cheech Wizard , etc
- God Nose , 1964, by Jack Jackson, often also quoted like first comix of cartoon underground.
- Zap Comix , 1967 -? , by Robert Crumb. The last number published (#15) date of 2004
- Air Pirates funnies , 1971, 2 numbers (?), which pastichait with talent of the historical cartoons (Krazy Kat or Mickey Mouse) and which was worth with the author Bobby London to be seen continued by the Disney company in a resounding lawsuit. Other authors: Gary Hallgren, daN O' Neill and Ted Richards.
- Arcade, The Comics Re-examined , 1975 - 1976. With inter alia Art Spiegelman, Robert Crumb, Aline Kominsky, Gilbert Shelton, Harvey Kurtzman and several tens of others. Drawn with 25000 specimens, one cannot really any more speak about a fanzine.
- Cerebus , by Dave Sim. Undoubtedly more long series car-published.
- Tits & Clits , 1973 - 1987, 7 numbers. An exclusively female fanzine, with the militant feminist concerns. Initially animated by Joyce Sutton and Lyn Chevli, joined by Roberta Gregory, Ruth Lynn and well of others.
- Wimmen' S Comix , female collective, 17 numbers.
- American Splendor , by Harvey Pekar, precursor in the field of the autobiography as a cartoon.
- Dynamite Damsels , 1976, by Roberta Gregory.
- Conceited Freddy' S Cat , by Gilbert Shelton.
EuropeIn France and Belgium, in particular, one sees appearing two very different kinds of fanzines: on the one hand the fanzines whose authors want to become professional of the cartoon in large editors, and, on the other hand, those which are carried out in a spirit plus protestor, near of the American underground. Towards the end of the Years 1970 and during the following decade, appear the " graphzines" , with the obvious artistic claims (often resulting from schools of art besides). With the beginning of the year 1990, many community projects are born from the fanzinat and become today the independent Cartoon what is called or Cartoon alter .
Some fanzines emblematic
- Leave the bitch
- the Petit Psikopat illustrated (1982), become a professional magazine, to see: Psikopat.
- Jade (1991 - 1995), become a professional magazine, to see: Jade (magazine)
- Goinfre (1990 - 1995)
- Jackal Puant , by Stephan Blanquet (1990)
- the Octopus , by Thierry Guitard
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