Faenza is a town of art, known as of the Renaissance for the production of objects in Céramique, exported in several European countries. The toponym even became synonymous with ceramics (Majolique) in a certain number of languages, in particular in French ( Faïence ) or in English ( earthenware ).
Sit of the stable of Formule 1 Scuderia Minardi of 1979 with 2005, Faenza accommodates since 2006 in the installations of the Italian stable the news Scuderia Toro Rosso, born from the repurchase of Minardi by the Austrian group Red Bull.
GeographyFaenza is on the Via Emilia , which goes from Imola to Forlì, to 50 km. in the south-east of Bologna, practically in the center of the Romagna, the foot of the first hills préapennines.
HistoryAccording to the Mythology, the name of the first settlement of the site of Faenza ( Faoentia ) would have origins Etruscan S and Celtic, meaning in Latin “ Splendeo inter deos ” or “ I shine among the gods ” in contemporary French.
Faenza is a town of Roman origin, whose creation goes back to second half of the 1st century. The Romans developed - under the name of Faventia - this city, which had a primarily agricultural and artisanal activity then. It was already known for the production of objects in Céramique, Terra cotta and of textiles in flax.
With the fall of the Roman Empire, it crossed one long period of decline, which ended at the 8th century. With the turning of the millenium, placed under the authority of the bishops, she knew a beautiful expansion and boom which will be prolonged under the government of the family Manfredi.
It is under the government of Charles II Manfredi, in second half of the 15th century, which was carried out an immense operation of town planning which will give to Faenza the face that we know to him nowadays.
Communes borderingBagnacavallo, Brisighella, Manor house Bolognese, Cotignola, Forlì (FC), Riolo Term, Russi, Solarolo
- the Palio del Niballo , spectacular tournament between five knights of the various districts of the city, recalls, in June, the records of the Renaissance and the fights which proceeded there at the time of the Manfredi.
- Cathedral of Faenza, on Piazza della Libertà, built 1474 with 1511 on plans of Giuliano da Maiano, one of the most remarkable expressions of the art of the Rebirth in Romagna.
- Church Sainte-Marie Madeleine, which dates from the 12th century.
- Palate of Podestat, on Piazza del Popolo
- Palate of the Captain of the People ( Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo ), old residence of the Lords of the Family Manfredi, transformed at the 18th century, which shelters the town hall of Faenza.
- Palate Milzetti ( Palazzo Milzetti , richest and the most representative neo-classic palate of the area.
- Theater Masini, built 1780 with 1787, one of the most beautiful Italian theaters.
- international Museum of the ceramics, which presents works of any geographical source and any historical time, since the Amphore S of the Antiquité until modern creations of Chagall and Picasso.
- civic Art gallery, which contains works of large artists, such as Marco Palmezzano and Donatello.
- the Codex Faenza, important manuscript of the 15th century on the music, is preserved at the public library Manfrediana.
Personalities born in Faenza
- Rosanna Negusanti ( holy Humilitas de Faenza ) (1226 - 1310), nun, founder of several monasteries of the order vallombrosain.
- Mariano Santo da Barletta ( Marianus Sanctus ) (1488 - 1565), surgeon specialized in Urology, raises Jean of the Romans ( Giovanni Di Romanis ).
- Evangelista Torricelli, (1608 - 1647), physicist and Italian mathematician, inventive of the Barometer, which succeeded Galileo in the pulpit of mathematics of the Académie of Florence.
- Giuseppe Sarti (1729 - 1802), type-setter.
- Filippo Severoli (1767 - 1822), Major general in the armies of Napoleon, whose name is registered on the western pillar of the Triumphal arch to Paris.
- Antonio Tamburini (1800 - 1876), singer of opera.
- Alfredo Oriani (1852 - 1909), writer.
- Pietro Nenni (1891 - 1980), politician.
- Cesare Maltoni (1930 - 2001), scientist.
- Giancarlo Minardi (born the September 18th 1947), founder of the stable éponyme of Formula 1, which disputed the championship of the world of 1979 with 2005.
- Flora Perfetti, (born on September 1st 1970), tennis player.
- Andrea Gaudenzi, (born the July 30th 1973), tennis player.
- Laura Pausini (born the May 16th 1974), singer of varieties, there was born but grows with Solarolo.
Personalities related to the commune of Faenza
- Pierre Damien (in Italian Pier Damiani ), died in Faenza the February 23rd 1072, Religious Italian, Hermit, Doctors of the Church, rests since 1898 in a vault with him dedicated of the Cathédrale of Faenza, where a local worship is returned to him, although it never was canonized formally.
- Antonio Pignatelli (1615 - 1700), bishop of Faenza of 1682 with 1687, became in 1691 Pape under the name of Innocent XII.
- List of the Italian cities of more than 25.000 inhabitants
Photo gallery: Images of the ceramics of Faenza
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