See also: Escape (homonymy)
A escape is the fact for a Prisonnier of leaving its prison while escaping, by:
the force (violences and/or destruction)
- intimidation and the threats (weapons)
- pure improvisation (chance creating a favorable context)
- the trick (sometimes purely psychological)
- a certain preparation (sometimes long, organisational and technical)
- an outside assistance
- of interior complicities (obtained by threats or Corrupt practice).
In the financial and economic field, one has spoken for 2 decades approximately about “escape Fisc ale”.
Various factsRecent various facts made state, in France, of spectacular escapes, where modern technology replaces, for example, “traditional” the tied cloths descended along the wall from enclosure, traditional blows of saw starting the steel of the bars, and rocambolesques borings of walls and undergrounds: it is about the use of the mobile phones and overflight of penal establishments by Hélicoptère (pilot taken as an hostage, or - more “interesting” - boyfriend of a delinquent having taken itself during long months of the courses of piloting). Thus in the investments envisaged by the authorities to the equipment (such as pieces of broken bottle fixed in cement of the upper part of the , enclosing walls Mirador S, door made safe electronically, video camera, etc) the nets anti-helicopter are added covering the courses of prison by a grid resisting and sufficiently tight to prevent any héli-winching.
The escape can be announced by the prisoner and/or particularly feared by the guards, in the case of political opponent, of enemy or Public enemy number 1. It can be:
- individual in its first phase and more collective by sequences of circumstances,
- the fact, as of the beginning, of a whole group.
Some famous escapes
- Several escapes from the Tour of London are attested, for example that of Sir John Oldcastle, character historical who inspired partially Shakespeare for his Falstaff.
- Napoleon Bonaparte since the Isle of Elba in February 1815, if as well is as one regards the island in question as a prison.
- Napoleon III, of the fort of Ham, in the Somme
- At the time of the Second world war, bombardment of the prison of Amiens by the Allies to try to release from the Resistant ones.
- Henri Cart-track, alias Butterfly, of the Bagne of Cayenne
- Albertine Sarrazin
- collective Escape from the Death camp Nazi Sobibor the October 14th 1943
- Jacques Mesrine on several occasions
- Pascal Payet, escaped to three resumption from the French prisons by Helicopter.
- on August 19th, 2006, 28 prisoners escape from the prison of Termonde (Belgium)
the Great Escape
- the Escaped prisoner from Alcatraz , with Clint Eastwood
- the Escaped prisoners , with Morgan Freeman
- Luke the cold hand , with Paul Newman
- pitiless Continuation , with Marlon Brando and Robert Redford
- Butterfly , with Dustin Hoffman
- the Great illusion , of Jean Renoir, with Jean Gabin and Marcel Dalio in the roles of the 2 escaped prisoners thanks to the assistance of Elsa, a German country-woman.
- Astragle , with Marlène Jobert
- And for some dollars moreover , with Clint Eastwood and Gian Maria Will in the role of the outlaw escaped
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest , novel of Ken Kesey, adapted to the cinema by Milos Forman, with Jack Nicholson: temporary escape from a psychiatric hospital
- Damnés , film of Joseph Losey (1963, with Oliver Reed), showing the attempt of the " radio-actifs" children; , object of experiments… médico-pédago-soldiers.
- Huntings of the count Zaroff: escape from the reference mark of a psychopathe.
- Various “opus” of James Bond 007
- King Kong , the “animal” (very large monkey, become mythical since original film) which escapes by creating catastrophe on catastrophe to join the " belle" human, with which it fell in love.
- Fugitive the
- the hole
- One condemned to dead is escaped or the wind blows where he wants
- Jailbreak , song of AC/DC
- I am an escaped prisoner , song of Nuclear Device taken again by Ludwig von 88
- the Gorilla , song of Georges Brassens: the primate escapes from its cage and “takes along a judge in the maquis”.
- related Topics treaties by works of fiction:
- Disorders in the pénitentiers:
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