Edward Morgan Forster
See also: Forster
Born with London, wire of an architect, it should have been baptized Henry but was fore-mentioned Edward by error. It signed in general by its initial, “E. Mr.”. It made its studies in a private school, Tonbridge, in the Kent, of which it had a bad memory then with the King' S College of the University of Cambridge, where it found more comprehension and of freedom. As from 1901, it also belonged to the Cambridge Apostles, known under the name of Cambridge Conversazione Society. A great number of the members of this group formed then part of the Bloomsbury Group. Forster was also in relation to Siegfried Sassoon, J.R. Ackerley, and Forrest Reid. He travelled to Egypt, Germany and India with humanistic G.L. Dickinson in 1914. After its academic works, Forster travelled to Europe in company of his/her mother and lived with it until its death in 1945. Its first novels, first was published whereas it was 26 years old, appreciated criticisms had hardly success before Howards End . Working for the the Red Cross in Egypt at the winter 1916-1917, it fell in love with young a 17 year old Egyptian, Mohammed el-Adl, prematurely dead in 1922. After a second stay in India in the years 1920, he writes his more famous novel, which studies the relationship between Westerners and Indians, Route of the Indies . He becomes a popular figure of the radio in the years 1930 and 1940 by his interventions with BBC. After the death of his mother, it accepts an honorary post of researcher in King' S College of Cambridge, where it was to live from now on, but it dies in Coventry. The publication of Maurice and its explicitly homosexual news caused controversy after its death.
The opinions of Forster, humanistic laic, are the heart of its work, in which often the principal characters make attempts to include/understand and communicate the ones with the others across the social barriers ( only connect… , according to the words of its famous epigraph of Howards End ). Two more famous works of Forster, Road of the Indies and Howards End , develop the topic of the insuperable character of the social differences. Maurice , remained new until its death, stresses the possibility of an obliteration of the differences in class through a homosexual relation. It developed its humanistic ideas in a test What I believe . Its currency was: tolerance, good moderate and sympathy . Sexuality is the other key topic of its work and one could affirm that the writings of Forster could be characterized like an evolution of the love Hétérosexuel towards the homosexual love . Ignored a long time in France, the novels of Forster were popularized by the film adaptations which were carried out by it.
- Where Angels Fear to Tread 1905 (filmed by Charles Sturridge in 1991)
- The Longest Journey 1907
- has Room with has View With sight on Arno 1908 (filmed by James Ivory in 1985, under the title Chambre with sight with Helena Bonham Carter)
- Howards End 1910 (filmed by James Ivory in 1992 under the title Retour to Howards End )
- Road of the Indies 1924 (adapted for the big screen by David Lean in 1985 and renamed in French the Road of the Indies )
- Maurice (written in 1913 - 1914, posthumous publication in 1971, that James Ivory carried to the screen in 1986, at once after Chambre with Sight… )
- Arctic Summer 1980 (posthumous, unfinished)
- The Celestial Bus (and other stories) 1911
- The Eternal Moment (and other stories) 1928
- Collected Shorts Stories (1947) - has combination off the above two titles, containing:
- The Story off has Off Panic grass
- The Other Side Of The Hedge
- The Celestial Omnibus
- Other Kingdom
- The Curate' S Friend
- The Road From Colonus
- The Machine Stops
- The Point It
- Mr. Andrews
- The Story Of The Siren
- The Eternal Moment
- The Life to Like (and other stories) 1972 (posthumous)
- Does Albergo Empedocle
- The Purple Wrap
- The Helping Hand
- The Rock
- The Life to Like
- Dr. Woolacott
- Arthur Snatchfold
- The Obelisk
- What Does It Matter? In Morality
- The Classical Annex
- The Torque
- The Other Boat
- Three Courses and has Dessert: Being has New and Gastronomic Version off the Old Game off Consequences
- England' S Pleasant Land 1940
scenario for the cinema
"In Diary for Timothy" (Humphrey Jennings)
Booklet of opera
- Billy Budd 1951 (inspired of the news of Melville for the opera of Britten)
Tests and other writings
- Alexandria: In History and Guide 1922
- Pharos and Flare (Novelist' S Sketchbook Alexandria Through the Ages has off) 1923
- Aspects off the Novel 1927
- Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson 1934
- Abinger Harvest 1940
- The Hill off Devi 1953
- Marianne Thornton, has Domestic Biography 1956
- Two Cheers for Democracy
- What I believe and other Essays
- Commonplace Book 1987 (posthumous work)
Books devoted to E.M. Forster
Brander, Lauwrence, E.M. Forster. With critical study (London, 1968)
- Cavaliero, Glen, has Reading E.M. Forster off (London, 1979).
- Colmer, John, E.M. Forster - The personal voice (London, 1975).
- E.M. Forster , ED. by Norman Page, Macmillan Modern Novelists (Houndmills, 1987).
- E.M. Forster: The critical heritage , ED. by Philip Gardner (London, 1973).
- Forster: With collection off Critical Essays , ED. by Malcolm Bradbury (New Jersey, 1966).
- Martin, John Sayre, E.M. Forster. The endless journey (London, 1976).
- Scott, P.J.M., E.M. Forster: Permanent Our Contemporary, Critical Studies Series (London, 1984).
- Wilde, Alan, Art and Order. With Study off E.M. Forster (New York, 1967).
External bonds (in English)
Aspects off E.M. Forster
- Howards End Page At Kingwood College Library
- “Only Connect”: The unofficial Forster site
- Pharos: E. Mr. Forster
- Project Gutenberg e-texts off nap off E. Mr. Forster' S novels
- British Humanist Association (BHA)
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