Political beginningsWire of a baker of Carpentras, Edouard Daladier follows the courses of Khagne of Edouard Herriot to the Lycée Amp of Lyon. He is received first with the aggregation of history. He thus becomes professor of history.
In 1911, it is elected mayor of Carpentras, it leaves for the face in 1914 when it fights like lieutenant, it returns in 1918 with the Legion of honor and four quotations. Then it is radical Député of the Vaucluse of 1919 with 1940. He becomes president of the Radical party in 1927 - 1930 and 1936 - 1938. Daladier is called “the bull of Vaucluse” in policy.
He takes part in the governments of the Cartel of the lefts (between 1924 and 1932) at the request of Herriot, as Ministre for the Colonies (1924), of the War (1925), of the State education (1926), and of Public works three times between 1930 with 1932). He becomes itself President of the Council in 1933, then in 1934, where he must resign after the riot of the February 6th.
At the time of the radical Congress of Nantes in 1934, it launches the topic of the “200 families”, taken again by the extreme-right-hand side and the Communists (“ Two hundred families are main French economy and, in fact, of the French policy ”).
Chief of the radical party, it takes part in the gathering of the left for the elections of June 1936, by allowing the alliance of the PCF, SFIO and the radicals. He becomes Minister for National defense during the government of the Popular front of 1936 with 1937.
“The Man of Munich”Initiator the June 7th 1933 of the “pact with four”, signed with the the United Kingdom, the Germany and the Italy to support the integration of Germany within the Company of the Nations, he is the signatory, as a president of the Council, the Accords of Munich in 1938. Opposed to the negotiation with Hitler, it will sign these agreements only unwillingly, pushed by Great Britain of Neville Chamberlain without which a war against Germany was not possible, the United Kingdom then controlling the major part of the supplies oil. After Munich, in its return in France, Daladier is persuaded to be hooted to have yielded to Hitler, the agreements of Munich giving up with the Nazis Czechoslovakia without almost anything to ask in exchange if not of vague promises of peace. But at its exit of the plane bringing back it towards Paris, Daladier is highly acclaimed, with its great surprise, to have saved peace. It would have had this word: “Ah idiots! If they knew! ”.
The September 3rd 1939, it declares nevertheless the war with the Germany because of the invasion of the Poland by the German troops, and engages a policy anticommunist following the pact of nonaggression signed by Molotov and Ribbentrop (put out the law of the French Communist party and prohibition of publication of Humanity , deposed Communist elects their mandates). Reversed the March 20th 1940 following the non-intervention of France in Finland (War of Winter against the the USSR), it belongs to the cabinet Paul Reynaud as Minister for National defense and the War. It embarks for the Morocco in June 1940, then returns in France at the beginning of August when it is stopped and judged at the time of the Procès of Riom by the Vichy government. Imprisoned by the French State of 1940 to 1943, it is off-set in Germany of 1943 with 1945.
Post-war periodIt finds its mandate of deputy of 1946 with 1958, and is elected mayor of Avignon in 1953. It chairs the Rassemblement of the Republican lefts in 1957, then leaves all its functions in 1958.
It supports Pierre Mendès France and votes against the nomination of the Général de Gaulle in 1958.
He dies on October 10th, 1970 and is buried with the cemetery of the Lachaise Father in Paris. Its tomb is of a great discretion and hardly evokes the role and the importance of this man who crossed one confused time. Perhaps do the agreements of Munich considered, a posteriori, like a political weakness of its share, explain that?
- Minister for the Colonies from June 14th, 1924 to April 17th, 1925 in the Government Edouard Herriot (1)
- Minister for the War from October 29th to November 28th, 1925 in the Government Paul Painlevé (3)
- Minister for the State education and the Art schools from November 28th, 1925 to March 9th, 1926 in the Government Aristide Briand (8)
- Minister for the State education and the Art schools from July 19th to 23rd 1926 in the Government Edouard Herriot (2)
- Public Minister for Labor from February 21st to March 2nd, 1930 in the Government Camille Chautemps (1)
- Public Minister for Labor from December 13rd, 1930 to January 27th, 1931 in the Government Theodore Steeg
- Public Minister for Labor from June 3rd to December 18th, 1932 in the Government Edouard Herriot (3)
- Minister for the War from October 26th, 1933 to January 30th, 1934 in the governments Albert Sarraut (1) and Camille Chautemps (2)
- President of the Council and Foreign Minister from January 30th to February 9th, 1934 in the Government Edouard Daladier (1)
- Minister for the National defense from June 4th, 1936 to April 10th, 1938 in the governments Leon Blum (1), Camille Chautemps (3), Camille Chautemps (4) and Leon Blum (2)
- President of the Council and Minister for Defense from April 10th, 1938 to March 21st, 1940 in the Government Edouard Daladier (3)
- Minister for the Defense from March 21st to May 18th, 1940 in the Government Paul Reynaud
- Foreign Minister from May 18th to June 5th, 1940 in the Government Paul Reynaud
“In my own city, if it were to undergo the appalling crisis of Wörgl, I would test with besides important modifications, to apply this principle to it, rather than to resign me to this fatalism which is of mode in our country. ”
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