See also: economy (homonymy)
The economy , or the economic activity, is the human activity which consists with the production, the distribution, the exchange and the consumption of products and services. The economy is studied by the Economic scenes and takes support on economic theories.
One also speaks about the economy like economic situation Conjoncture of a country or a zone, i.e. of his instantaneous position in the business cycles. The economic activity is controlled by the Politique of the economic situation Monetary authorities and Gouvernement. The Public administrations carry out in addition Economic policies with an aim of modifying the economic operation of a country.
One of the principal economic indicators is the Gross domestic product (GDP), which allows comparisons of economic power between country.
See also: History of the economy
To cut out the History of the economy, the economic Histoire usually resorts to a periodisation using the concept of “economic revolution”. One counts primarily four periods:
- the Neolithic Revolution and birth of the Agriculture
- ancient economy and slow medieval evolution
- the Industrial revolution
One adds sometimes a fifth period, although it is very recent (less than 50 years): the post-industrial economy, related to the “informational revolution”.
Economy by country, units economic, and zones
Economy by country
See also: : Category: Nation's economy
For example, the economy of France.
by economic zones and units
One also studies the saving of the areas, zones or continents ( to see the regional economy category , and for example the economy of Europe).
It is interest of the countries to gather within economic or monetary units, for example of Libre-échange, to support to them Economic development. Among the most known units:
- the Agreement of North-American free trade (ALENA);
- European Union (see economy of the European Union);
- the Free zone CFA,…
See also: Economic sector
The economic production can be distributed between several sectors:
- the primary sector relates to the collection and the direct use of natural resources (materials, energy, and certain food),
- the secondary sector relates to the processing industries (acting on a matter),
- the tertiary sector gathers industries of the service (primarily immaterial: insurances, intermediation, formation, studies and research, administration, services with the person, safety, cleaning, etc).
Simple: Economics Zh-min-nan: Keng-chè-ha̍k
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