The eclecticism (of the Greek eklegein: to choose) is a philosophic attitude consisting in choosing in several philosophies the elements which appear interesting to constitute a complete system.
One thus named initially eclectic the philosophers of Alexandria who, to be composed a system, had chosen in each sect of Greek philosophers what appeared to them wisest. Potamon and Ammonius Saccas was the first. This sect, which stuck especially to the conciliation of Plato and Aristote, gave rise to soon the new platonism, with which one usually confuses it, and whose Plotin is the principal representative.
It is the name of eclecticism which the school of Victor Cousin in France adopted.
Philosophies " ultra-liberal " are regarded by Francisco Vergara as problems of eclecticism.
- Eclecticism (architecture)
- Relationship between faith and reason: eclecticism can constitute an error of method.
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