Eastern Kalimantan (in Indonésien Kalimantan Timur , Acronym: Kaltim) is the vastest province of the Republic of Indonesia, with a surface of: 245238 km, is 11 % of the total surface area of the country. It is limited to the west by the province of the central Kalimantan, in the south by that of Kalimantan of the South, in the east by the Détroit of Makassar (by which the line Wallace passes) and in north by the international border with the Malaysia. Its capital is Samarinda.
The population of the province was of: 2705000 in 2003, which gives him a density of 12& habitants/km.
Administrative divisionsTheEastern one is divided into 9 kabupaten (departments): and 4 kota (municipalities):
HistoryIt is in Kutai that one found the oldest inscriptions of Indonesia known to date. Written in alphabet Pallava, they are reproduced on four sacrificial stone posts (called yupa in Sanskrit) which one dated from the surroundings of 400 after J. - C. They rent the generosity of king Mulawarman, wire of Aswawarman, towards the Brahmane S. There is not any more a trace in this area for: 1000 years which follow.
The names of Kutai and Pasir are attested as of the 14th century after J. - C. the Nagarakertagama , a poem epic writes in 1365 in the kingdom java are born from Majapahit, mentions them among the few hundred “regions tributary” of the kingdom. Actually, the territory controlled by Majapahit did not extend that on part of the east and center of Java. The “tributary regions” were in fact of the counters forming a sales network whose Majapahit was the center. Majapahit sent to it dignitaries of which the role was to make sure that these counters were not devoted to a private trade which would escape the kingdom.
The sultanate of Kutai Kertanegara had its capital with Tenggarong, on the Mahakam river, upstream of the town of Samarinda. The mythical origin and the genealogy of the royal house are described in the Salasilah Kutai , written in a Malayan strewn with words coming from the language from Kutai and the Javanese.
The territory of Eastern KalimantanAugust 27th, 1947 is created, at the instigation of the Dutchmen, the Daerah Siak Besar (" territory of Large Siak"), famous Federasi Kalimantan Timur (" federation of Kalimantan oreintal") February 4th, 1948. The territory joined the République of the United States of Indonesia formed on December 14th, 1949. It is incorporated in the Republic of Indonesia on April 24th, 1950.
The bay of Berau belongs to an important road of migration of marine mammals.
The threatened animal species are inter alia:
- the Gibbon
- Of other species of monkeys,
- Of the species of bear,
- the banteng (wild buffalo)
- Of the tortoises
- the bird rhinoceros,
- the peacock of Borneo,
- the stork of Storm.
Located at 60 km at broad of the peninsula of Berau, the coral barrier of Berau is regarded as one of the most important marine sites of Indonesia. It shelters some 70 kinds of corals.
EconomyTheEastern one is an important oil producer, and the first gas producer of Indonesia. The factory of natural gas liquefaction of Bontang is largest of the world, with a production capacity of 22 million tons per annum of Natural gas liquefied (GNL).
The province is also an important producer of coal, with the mine of Sangatta, which produces some 17 million tons per annum.
External bondsNatural site of The Conservancy
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