This page relates to the year 1611 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 21st: Return of Samuel de Champlain to Quebec. During the summer, it explores the sector of Montreal and descends the Rapides from Lachine.
- June 22nd: Mutiny of the sailors of the Discovery . Henry Hudson, its John son (still adolescent) and seven other team members remained faithful is abandoned in a launch on the Hudson Bay.
- August 20th: major Earthquake with Mexico City.
- May 25th: Empire moghol: Jahangir wife Nûr Jahân (“ Lumière of the world ”), whose it had ordered the death of the husband Sher-Afghan, a shown Persan adventurer of tendency to rebellion. Nûr Jahân founds the domination of the Iranian clan at the court. Thereafter, the emperor will sink in alcoholism and will ignore the businesses of the Empire. Nûr Jahân will go even until making strike its own currency.
the Dutch found a counter with Masulipatam in India.
- Establishment of British counters in India with Masulipatam, Agra and Surat between 1611 and 1618.
- Nguyễn Hoàng governor of Huế, the center of the Vietnam, benefits from an incursion of the Chams to the Quảng Nam to remove to them the area of Phu Yên.
- May 3rd: The king Christian IV of Denmark declares the war with the Sweden. He seizes Kalmar and Elfsborg (Guerre of Kalmar, 1611 - 1612).
- May 22nd: Creation of the title of Baronet in England. The Crown sells titles of nobility with generosity to improve its finances.
- May 26th: Mathias becomes king of Bohemia.
- Rodolphe II calls upon the Léopold archduke to bar the way of the empire to his/her brother Mathias. Léopold goes on Prague or it runs up against Mathias, who obtains the throne of Bohemia the May 26th.
- June 23rd; Jean-Georges Ier of Saxony becomes voter of Saxony (fine in 1656).
- July 12th: The Archiduc Albert promulgates with Brussels “the perpetual Édit ”, fruit of work of a commission of magistrates and legists charged to unify the right of old the Spanish Netherlands. The Perpetual Edict is at the origin of the first Belgian code of laws.
- September 12th: Radu Serban, voïévode of Valachie, is deposited by the Turks which impose Radu IX Mihnea.
- October 30th: Beginning of the reign of Gustav II Adolf, king of Sweden which succeeds Charles IX (fine in 1632).
- November 11th: Abdication of Rodolphe II of the Holy roman Empire.
- December 31st: The king of Sweden promulgates a charter ( konungaförsäkran ) which subjects the war and peace to the Riksdag (diet) and in Riksråd (senate). He must recognize the privileges of the nobility (freedom from tax) in exchange of his military contest. He recognizes with nonthe foreign Lutherans the right to remain in his kingdom provided that they are not devoted to any demonstrations external of their religion.
- Warsaw becomes capital Poland. Sigismond III Vasa transfers its residence to it.
- February: Proclamation of Procope Liapounov, which invites the Russians to revolt against the foreign domination. Militia are organized.
- March 13rd: The militia of Liapounov and Pojarski attacks the the Kremlin Moscow it but is pushed back by a French mercenary, Jacques Margeret.
- has Easter, the Muscovites are raised against the Polish garrison. Liapounov and the chiefs cossacks Troubetzkoï and Zaroutski form a provisional government. A radical land reform is projected. Liapounov is finally assassinated by the cossacks (of the Calendrier Julien).
- June 13rd: The Polish take Smolensk.
- the Swedes take Novgorod.
- In October, Kouzma Minine, alderman of Nijni-Novgorod and the prince Dmitri Pojarski prepares a national rising. They succeed in raising a popular army to the North-East of the Russia.
- January 26th: Resignation of Sully. Concino Concini, marshal of Anchor and husband of Léonora Galigaï exerts the capacity with tyranny and greed. Villeroy, hispanophile, are with the Foreign affairs (end in 1614).
- April 20th: Treaty of Fontainebleau: Valid Franco-Spanish defensive alliance ten years, with the detriment of Savoyard alliance.
- May 27th - September 26th: Protestant general meeting with Saumur, working out a plan of political organization.
the Père Joseph becomes the friend of Richelieu.
- Service entrance of the Headlight of Cordovan.
- June 6th: In Navarre, the Enquiry striking severely a sect of more than 12 000 followers who “adore the demon, raise furnace bridges to him and treat familiarly with him with any matter”.
- New lawsuit of the Sorbonne against the Society of Jesus, shown ultramontanism.
the version English E official of the Bible of the king James Ier is finished.
- Publication with Paris of Of ecclesiastica and politica potestate libellus of Edmond Richer (Jesus-Christ is the only true chief of the Church and the pope himself is subjected to the council. It is with the sacerdotal order as a whole that the capacity of the keys belongs and the bishops must control their churches independently of Rome. The Church is a purely spiritual authority, the temporal power being allocated to the men of time. Thus the responsibility to convene the councils, to work out the laws, etc must be allocated to the king and to the Parliament, holders of the temporal power). Certain doctors of the Sorbonne are conquered by its theses, but it cause the opposition of the partisans of André Duval, doctor of the Sorbonne and superior of the Carmelite nuns, representative of the theologists recognizing the authority of the pope. The Sorbonne is divided between richerists and, in spite of the Richer, duvalists support Parliament sees its work condemned the February 3rd 1612, then prohibited by the Church (Sens, March 19th 1612, Aix-en-Provence, May 24th).
Art & culture
- April 28th: Foundation of the Université of Santo Divided into volumes with Manila.
- First book madrigaux (Heinrich Schütz) .
- Rubens paints its Deposition .
- Guido Reni paints with Bologna the Massacre of the innocent.
Science & technology
Galileo discovers that the Planets do nothing but reflect the sunlight.
- Johannes Kepler discovers the Telescope dioptric.
- the German astrophysicist Christopher Scheiner describes the sunspots.
Economy & company
- June 16th: Authorization to build the Forging mill of Mouterhouse by the duke Henri II of Lorraine.
- At the beginning of Sully, the French treasure has 16 million books, that the regent will spend in pensions, expenditure of court, payment of the military preparations engaged by Henri IV before his death.
- Creation of the Stock Exchange of Amsterdam (the building is completed in 1631).
- the Sweden extends on 800 000 km ² (Sweden and current Finland) but count only in the neighborhoods of a million inhabitants.
Births in 1611
- September 11th: Henri of the Tower of Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne, generally known under the name Turenne , Marshal of France, general Marshal of the camps and armies of the king. († July 27th 1675)
- Olivier Charbonneau (1611-1687), pioneer of the Jesus Island, Laval, with the Quebec, Canada.
Death in 1611
- July/ August: Bartholomeus Spranger, with Prague, painter mannerist, engraver and Flemish draftsman (born in 1546).
Be-X-old: 1611 Map-bms: 1611 Simple: 1611
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