In medicine, the term drainage indicates the mobilization, either towards the outside of the organization, or towards a structure of collection inside the organization, liquid substances or gas masses which they are physiological or pathological.
HistoryIn 1892 the Austrian surgeon Winiwater publishes a work on conjunctive fabric and the oedemas of lymphatic origin whereas in France, in 1898, Doctor Fège (Necker hospital of Paris) publishes a medical article on a new method of massage: " the early massage post-traumatique". A few years later, in 1936, with new anatomical knowledge and the new elements of the knowledge in physiology, Emile Vodder presents his method of Manual Lymphatic Drainage (DLM), that which is practiced nowadays.
Various forms of medical drainageOne distinguishes several forms from medical drainage, to differentiate from the surgical drainage:
the postural drainage is a method of kinesitherapy which uses the terrestrial gravitation while placing in declivity the part of the body concerned of a patient in order to facilitate the flow
- Surélever the legs: veino-lymphatic drainage
- ahead leant Thorax: drainage of the bronchi.
- the respiratory Kinesitherapy which consists in helping the subject with expectorer (to empty its bronchi) with clapping (to type on the thorax) or, especially in the young children (reached Bronchiolite or of Mucoviscidose, by strongly compressing the rib cage during the expiry.
- the lymphatic manual drainage or lymphatic drainage by soft massages, rates/rhythms with progressive pressure along a member (Upper limb in the event of lymphœdème after operation on the center (Cancer of the center, followed by a Clearing out axillaire for example), lower extremity in the event of venous or lymphatic edema (with precise medical information)
- the veino-lymphatic drainage by the method of pressothérapie (in English presses therapy ). This technique uses apparatuses with gradient of physiological pressure with inflatable boots (or arm-bands) activated by an air compressor (the pressure increases gradually, going from 40 to 80 millibars)
the veino-lymphatic drainage by port of low or binding of application . The activity of the muscles of the leg, coupled with the pressure of the bottom of application, supports the mobilization of venous blood and the Lymphe while acting like a pump on the vascular structures.
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