District of Metropolitan Organizes
The District of Metropolitan Organizes ( Metropolitan Police District or " MPD") is the covered zone by the police force of London: the Metropolitan Organizes Service. This zone recovers the Large London, less the City .
The MPD was defined by the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 as being a circular zone extending to 11 km (7 miles) around Charing Cross, and was divided into four districts and 17 divisions of police force.
It included/understood parts of the Middlesex, Kent and Surrey.
There were many changes of the borders of the MPD as well as its divisions. The Metropolitan Police Act 1839 recognizes that the " border is… very irrégulière" and added the localities which were in the district of the central Criminal Court ( Old Bailey ), and " any parish, village, district or lieu" who was not with more than 15 miles (24 km) of Charing Cross. The increased district included/understood the metropolitan region and of the parts of the Essex, of the Kent, the Hertfordshire and the Surrey.
In 1946, the borders of the MPD were modified by the Police Act , to correspond to the limits of the local government of the time. Certain districts were completely excluded from the MPD whereas others were completely included there.
- Large London, less the City of London and the Temples
- Essex: Epping Forest
- Hertfordshire :
- Welwyn Hatfield
- Surrey :
- Epsom and Ewell
- Reigate and Banstead
The Metropolitan Police force was responsible for areas apart from the limits of Large London until in 1999 with the Greater London Authority Act , which created an Authority of Police force for Large London (before under the control of the central government). The limits of the MPD are now confused with those of Large London, and the zones beyond the limits were réattribuées with the Police force of Essex, Hertfordshire and Surrey.
Although inside the limits of the district, certain parts of London are not under the authority of the Metropolitan Police force. Indeed, the Greater London Authority Act of 1999 defined the district as Large London, less the City of London, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple . The City has its own police force, the City off London Police , which covers also the Inner and the Middle Temple.
The Subway of London as well as the principal railway stations are under the responsibility of the British Police of Transport.
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