Dino Buzzati , born the October 16th 1906 with San Pellegrino close to Belluno in the north of the Italian province of the Venezia and deceased the January 28th 1972 with Milan, is a Journaliste and a Italian writer whose most famous work is the Romance entitled the Desert of the Tartars .
BiographyDino Buzzati, of its true name Dino Buzzati Traverso, was the second of a family of four children. To answer the wish of his father, who was itself law professor, he undertook studies of right and after its military service, partly last a school of officers, he entered in 1928 as training with the drafting of the famous daily newspaper of Milan the Corriere beyond Will be. He remained there as journalist until his death, except during the Second world war when he was useful as officer in the Italian navy then as war correspondent in North Africa and in Sicily.
Parallel to its professional path Dino Buzzati will test itself with various forms of arts like painting, the engraving or the creation of decorations for the scene.
It is however its abundant literary work which holds the attention by its variety: Theater ( an interesting Case translates into French by Albert Camus in 1956) with the collections of Nouvelle S, like K (in Italian: It Colombre - 1966), while passing by the Tale S and the novels for youth (for example the famous invasion of Sicily by the bears ) until the novels of which more succeeded and most famous is the Desert of the Tartars , published in Italian in 1940, who appears a powerful allegory of the human condition.
Dino Buzzati dies of a cancer in Milan, in 1972.
The main themes of its news are the attitudes adopted vis-a-vis the life, vis-a-vis death. Its news raises many interrogations on the human one in modernity through short stories, sometimes funny, sometimes tragic, but which often offer clear a enough message for which wants to attach a little attention to it.
Two of its novels hold the attention particularly:
- a Love (1963), which describes the devouring passion of a quadragénaire (or quinquagénaire?) for a young prostitute, and her torments learnedly maintained by it, as by its own character (the news Iago in K proceeds it is true of a similar inspiration).
And especially the Desert of the Tartars (1949 in French translation): this novel treats in a suggestive and poignant way of the vain escape of time, waiting and failure within the framework of an old man extremely isolated at the border where lieutenant Drogo awaits the glory of which the disease will deprive it. Indeed after a long career ritualized by the routine activities of the garrison of the old man strong Bastiani, he sees finally specifying the attack of the Tartars whose existence appeared increasingly mythical; but evacuated for medical reasons, Drogo cannot take part in the combat and is returned, with the threshold of its death, the pathetic vacuity of its life.
The literary work of Dino Buzzati returns for a share to the influence of Kafka by the spirit of derision and the expression of the human impotence vis-a-vis the labyrinth of an incomprehensible world but also to the Surréalisme, as in its tales where the oneiric connotation is very present. Most convincing of the bringings together is however undoubtedly to seek side of the current Existentialiste of the years 1940-1950 and Jean-Paul Sartre with Nausea (1938) or of Albert Camus with the Foreigner (1942), to quote only contemporary major works of the Désert of the Tartars . In addition this novel, which has work with the notoriety of the author and was a world success, is not stripped of report/ratio in its one “perpetual and interminable present description” with two other great classics: the Things , of Georges Perec and the magic Mountain of Thomas Mann.
Oddly, Buzzati forever agreed to be regarded as a writer. He was defined as a simple journalist writing from time to time news, to which he did not find a great value. The judgment of the posterity, and even of its contemporaries, largely contradicted it on this point.
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