Dimitrie Cantemir was the prince of Moldavie of 1710 with 1711, he was also Encyclopédiste, Compositeur and writer. He was born the September 26th 1673 (or the November 5th, or the October 26th) in Silisteni or Iassy.
BiographyWire of the prince Constantin Cantemir, Dimitrie Cantemir is formed at the court of Iassy, where he learn the Greek , the Latin and the Slavic languages. Very early, he is noticed for his exceptional memory.
At the fifteen years age, it is invited to Istanbul, where it passes more than twenty years after having completed its studies there, in accordance with the tradition. It learns there from many Western and Eastern languages, in particular the Turkish .
In 1710, Dimitrie Cantemir is named Hospodar of Moldavie by the Othoman Sultan Ahmed III in remembering the services rendered by his/her father. However, dissatisfied with the Othoman court, it accepts in the offers that the tsar Pierre Large the makes him, then in war with the Turkey, and joint its troops with the Russian armies: according to the treaty, Moldavie was to be set up in hereditary principality for the Cantemir family, under the protection of the Russia, with the goal to link the Moldavie and the Valachie, and to make an independent entity of it.
The Russian army will be however demolished the following year on the Prout by the Turks and Dimitrie Cantemir seeks refuge in Russia; it obtains the title of prince of the Russian empire , with considerable fields in Ukraine. Very received by the tsar Pierre Large the, it appears in the number of the founders of the Académie of Arts and Sciences of Saint-Pétersbourg.
Artistic and cultural legacy
Cantemir had eleven languages, as well old as modern. Dimitrie Cantemir, mathematician, architect, historian, theologist, type-setter, philosopher and novelist, are one of the great personalities of the Eastern culture, one of most complex and most original of its time. In its last work, the history of the seniority of Roumano-moldo-vlaches , it shows the Latinity of the Roumanians and the role of sacrifice which they played in the defense of European civilization.
Musical works of Dimitrie Cantemir reflect to perfection the Othoman style . Recognized musical interpreter, it also transcribed more than 350 instrumental works of the 16th century and 17th century, according to a personal alphabetical system of notation.
Dimitrie Cantemir is also the author of works on the Othoman and Moldavian history, the Islam and the Arab language. Its work of man of letters concentrates between 1711 and 1719. Humanistic recognized, it is named with the Academy of Berlin in 1714. It is the latter which orders its Descriptio Moldaviae to him, that it régide in Latin in 1714 and which remains one of its most known works.
It is the first to have carried out, with the hand, a true chart of geography of the Région of Moldavie.
Dimitrie Cantemir widens the sphere of the historical Littérature in the direction of the metaphysics and the literature of fiction. It is, inter alia, the author of a Divan or the argument of wise with the world or the judgment of the heart with the body , written in Greek old and published in Iassy in 1698. It is a philosophical writing, small a treated of ethical.
He is the author also first Rumanian novel in , the hieroglyphic History , written in Constantinople in 1705, fabulous novel, political, true lampoon Roman of Rumanian Fox .
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