Dialog on the two great systems of the world
The Dialog on the two great systems of the world is a work requested from Galileo by the Pope Urbain VIII towards 1620 and published in 1632. It is about a particularly important work in the Histoire of sciences, because Galileo inaugurates a historical turning , that of the passage of a geocentric Représentation of the Univers, with a heliocentric representation .
ContextThe publication of this work had a particular repercussion in Europe, because of the lawsuit of the church Catholique which was brought with Galileo in 1632 and 1633, for this work which contravened prohibitions of the writings favorable to the Héliocentrisme, which have occurred in 1616.
See also: Galileo Galilei
On the context, to consult Revolution copernician
Galileo was condemned to old 69 years to disavow its theories heretic S in front of the court Inquisiteur Catholique on request of the Pope Urbain VIII in June 1633 it to what he resigned himself not to burn sharp on a Bûcher. Urbain VIII made it assign with residence or it could continue its research in discretion during 9 years until its disappearance.
The Dialog is held with Venice over four days between three interlocutors:
- Filippo Salviati, a Florentin in favor of Copernic,
- Giovan Francesco Sagredo, Venetian enlightened but without a priori,
- And Simplicio, a poor defender of physics aristotelician, a character in whom Urbain VIII (perhaps) would have been recognized.
But, when one reproached him the openly pejorative character of Simplicio, Galileo answered that it was about Simplicius de Cilicie.
Descartes had written itself a Traité world and light. Thinking that this project was risky for him, it renonça to publish this work, and launched out in a philosophical career . It is from there that come the Discourse on Method (1637), the Méditations metaphysics (1641), the Principles of philosophy (1644), etc
- Revolution copernician
- World (universe)
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