The December 15th is the 349e Jour of the Année (350e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian calendar . There remain 16 days before the end of the year.
From 0 to 1899
- 530: Installation, with Constantinople, of a commission, directed by the questeur of the palate Tribonien, charged by the emperor with the East Justinien with carrying out a compilation of the Roman law, to adapt it to the requirements of the right of the 6th century.
- Promulgation with Constantinople of the “ Pandectes ”, collections of laws known under their Latin name of “ Digeste ” or Code Justinien, compilation of the Roman law, realized at the request of the emperor of the East Justinien, to adapt it to the requirements of the right of the 6th century.
- Battle of Tricaméron ( Tricamarum ) close to Carthage: final victory of the armies of the Roman Empire of the East (later Byzantine Empire ) under the orders of the general Bélisaire over those of the Vandals ordered by the king Gélimer and his brother Tzazon.
- 1055 : Toghrul-Beg seizes Baghdad.
- 1294 : the “great refusal” of the pope Célestin V. Elected official pope in July, this former hermit abdicates five months later, crushed by the width of his responsibilities and frightened by the Roman intrigues.
- 1394 : A gatekeeper of the Castle of Laréole, close to Langon, (the Gironde), succumbs under the blows of a servant of garrison, which wanted, to the contempt of the orders, to leave the castle to join his wife residing downtown.
- 1437 : Rene of Anjou, count de Provence, which succeeded his/her father Louis II of Anjou, like king de Sicile and duke of Anjou, arrives at Marseilles, and supports by privileges the raising of the city, which he regards as a strategic maritime base to reconquer his Royaume of Sicily.
- 1640 : Jean de Bragance becomes king de Portugal under the name of Jean IV ( João IV )
- 1709: The French troops take again Rome and occupy the kingdom of Naples
- 1711: With Copenhagen an epidemic of Peste bursts
- 1719: Giulio Alberoni, cardinal is exiled by Philippe V of Spain.
- 1791 :
- the king of Sweden Gustave III proposes to take the head of a war against the France.
- Vote of the ten commands to the Constitution with the the United States and admission of the Kentucky, fifteenth State of the Union.
- 1792 : Paris: the territories of Europe occupied by the French Armies from now on are governed by the revolutionary administration.
- 1796 : Beginning of a revolt in Ireland, supported by France (end in 1798).
- 1805 : Napoleon 1st sign with Schönbrunn the decree of creation of the House of education of the Legion of honor.
- 1806 : The Napoleonean army occupies Warsaw
- 1809: Napoleon 1st divorce of Joséphine for reason of State
- 1840: The remainders of Napoleon Bonaparte are brought back to the Invalides.
- 1848 : The Austrian army ordered by the count Windischgrätz invades the Hungary.
- 1866 : By the treated of Prague, ratified the August 23rd, François-Joseph subjects itself to all the Prussian requirements.
- 1890 : The Indian chief Sitting Bull is killed during a battle with the American army, in the North Dakota.
- 1891 : Invention of the Basketball by the Canadian James Naismith.
From 1900 to 1999
- 1916 : The France leaves victorious the Bataille of Verdun
- 1917: The Russian Bolsheviks sign an armistice with the Germans and the Austrians with Brest-Litovsk.
- 1939 : First with Atlanta of Gone With The Wind of Victor Fleming with Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable.
- 1940 : The remainders of Napoleon II are brought back for the Invalids, 100 years day for day after those of his/her father.
- 1947 : For its novel Marie Didace , Germaine Guèvremont receives the price of the Académie Canadian-Frenchwoman.
- 1948 : Birth of Zoe, first French atomic pile.
- 1959 : First concert of Gene Vincent in France.
- 1960 : The king of the Belgians Baudouin Ier wife Fabiola de Mora there Aragón.
- 1961 : Conclusion of the lawsuit of Adolf Eichmann. He is recognized guilty of all the counts of indictment and is condemned to death.
- 1962 : Creation with the the Alliance Fran1caise, of the part of Eugene Ionesco: “ the King dies ”
- 1964: Proposal to replace the flag of Canada the Red Ensign by a unifoliate flag with the maple sheet.
- 1965 : A typhoon makes some ten thousand dead with Karâchi, with the Pakistan.
- 1970 : After 120 days of flight, the Soviet probe Venera 7 releases a module on Venus which transmits information during 35 minutes.
- 1976 : By Referendum, the Spain accepts the idea of a Parliament with two rooms, which will revise the legislation of the pro-Franco dictatorship.
- 1988 :
- Coming into effect of the Law on the Minimum wages of insertion (RMI). (Voted on February 1st 1988)
- the Supreme court of Canada judge unconstitutional of the clauses of law 101 on the language of posting.
- 1991 : Shipwreck of the Egyptian ferry Salem Express train , assessment 471 dead.
- 1992 : Birth of Me HAHA I find Ca brilliant =)
- 1993: The 117 countries of GATT sign in Geneva the final Act of the Uruguay Round fixing the new rules of the world commerce.
- 1994 : The UNESCO registers with the World heritage the reserve Tatshenshini Alsek , which overlaps the Colombia-British, the Alaska and the Yukon.
- 1995 :
- the heads of state and government of the 15 Member States of the European Union call “Euro” the future single currency which will start to come into effect on January 1st 1999.
- Pronounced Stop Bosman.
- 1996 :
- the report is made that the Mer of Aral, between the Ouzbékistan and the Kazakhstan, lost half of its surface, following the diversion of water of the Amou-Daria and of the Syr-Daria for the culture of cotton.
- Boeing and McDonnell Douglas, American giants of aeronautics, announce their fusion.
- 1997 : A plane coming from the Tadjikistan is crushed with Charjah, with the United Arab Emirates; it eighty-five died there and a survivor.
- 1999 :
As from 2000
- 2000 : Permanent closure of the nuclear plant of Tchernobyl
- 2001: The Tour of Pisa finally reopens with the public after eleven years of work
- 2003: First case of avian flu in South Korea.
- 2004 : Beginning envisaged of the sanctions of UNO against the Ivory Coast.
- 2005 :
- democratic First legislative election in Iraq
- Resignation of Palestinian the Prime Minister Ahmed Qorei.
- With the Kazakhstan, searching, by an special unit of the police force, with the seat of the weekly magazine of opposition Pravo, culprit to have denounced electoral frauds at the time of the presidential ballot of the December 4th.
- In China, Han Guizhi, the former deputy secretary of the Communist party in the province of Heilongjiang, judged guilty by a court of Beijing ( Beijing ) to have accepted bribes of an amount of 7 million yuans - that is to say 730 000 euros - between 1992 and 2002, is condemned to the capital punishment within two year. Usually, these sorrows are transformed into life imprisonment if condemned show repentance.
37: Néron, 5th emperor of Rome
- 130: Lucius Verus ( Lucius Aurelius Ceionius Commodus Verus ), Roman Co-emperor of 161 with 169, with Marc Aurèle.
- 1613 : François VI of Rochefoucauld, duke of Rochefoucauld, French writer, author of the “ Sentences and Maximes morals ” and of the “ Memories ”, which was one of the large actors of the Fronde. († March 17th 1660).
- 1657 : Michel-Richard Delalande, violonist, organist and type-setter French. († June 18th 1726)
- 1775: François Adrien Boieldieu, French type-setter. († October 8th 1834)
- 1832: Gustave Eiffel, engineer French
- 1852: Henri Becquerel, Physicist French. († August 25th 1908)
- 1859: Lejzer Ludwik Zamenhof, Doctor ophtalmologist Polish, inventor of the international language Esperanto
- 1873: Abdeljelil Zaouche, Tunisian politician († January 3rd 1947).
- 1882 : Zoltán Kodály, type-setter, ethnomusicologist and pedagog in music. († March 6th 1967)
- 1888: Maxwell Anderson, dramatic author American
- 1892: Jean Paul Getty, industrial American who founded the Getty Oil Company . († June 6th 1976)
- 1930: Edmond Tober, musician of Jazz.
- 1932 : Alan Freed, Disc jockey and creator of the term Rock'n'roll in 1951
- 1942: David de Rothschild, banking frankly
- 1944: Michel Fuzellier, Illustrator and realizer of French cartoons
- 1946: (Jean-Michel Ribes) author, metteuur in scene and realizer French.
- 1949 : Don Johnson, actor and American singer.
- 1955 : Paul Simonon, bass player and painter English, having in particular played in the group The Clash.
- 1959 : Robert Rosner, business man and American international investor (born in New York).
- 1961 : Shane Black, actor, scenario writer and an American realizer.
- 1966 : Katja von Garnier, German director
- 1971: Kamel Ouali, French choreographer, having been professor with the Star Academy.
- 1973 : Surya Bonaly, skater on French ice
- 1977: Rohff, Rap fear of Vitry-sur-Seine
- 1979: Adam Brody, actor and American singer
- 1980: Élodie Gossuin, Miss France 2001
- 1981: Najoua Belyzel, French singer
- 1025 : Basile II, Byzantine Emperor
- 1651: Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Holy catholic Italy, founder of two religious congregations. (° April 2nd 1587).
- 1675 : Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (° October 31st 1632).
- 1816 : Louis Marie Turreau, conventional and general French.
- 1855 : Charles Sturm, mathematician French.
- 1890 : Sitting Bull, chief Sioux, during his arrest.
- 1897 : Alphonse Daudet, novelist and storyteller French. (° May 13rd 1840)
- 1909: Francisco Tárrega, Spanish guitarist.
- 1938 : Valéry Tchkalov, Soviet aviator (° February 2nd 1904)
- 1943: Fats Waller, pianist of jazz, organist and American type-setter (° May 21st 1904)
- 1944: Glenn Miller, leader, trombonist of Jazz (° March 1st 1904)
- 1949: Alice Bailey, écrivaine British, founder of the movement Old New
- 1954: Liberty Hyde Bailey, American botanist (° 1858)
- 1955: Horace McCoy, American writer.
- 1962 : Charles Laughton, Actor of Theater and Cinema and British Realizer then American. (° July 1st 1899)
- 1966: Walt Disney, producer and creator of the characters such Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck. (see also: Walt Disney Company)
- 1970: Stanislas-Andre Steeman, author and Belgian illustrator of French expression (° January 23rd 1908)
- 1976: Gregoire Kayibanda, first president of the Rwanda (° May 1st 1924)
- 1985: Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, Prime Minister of Maurice (° September 18th 1900)
- 1989: Gonzalo Rodriguez Wasted known as the Mexican , the number two of the Trust of Medellin in Colombia
- 2000 : Jacques Goddet, founder of the newspaper the Team and director of the Tour de France cyclist (° June 21st 1905)
- 2001 :
- 2006: Clay Regazzoni, Swiss racing driver , vice-champion of the world of Formula 1 in 1974 (° September 5th 1939).
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Nina of Georgia, Nino, Christiane or Christian woman (3rd century) (date in Occident, January 14th in the East).
- Etienne de Souroge (+ 787), archbishop in the Crimea.
- Eusèbe de Verceil (+ towards 370), bishop (translation of the relics, dates principal it).
- Maximin de Micy 6th century, called also holy Mesmin, abbot close to Orleans.
Orthodoxe saints of the day
- Arsene Catholicos (11th century)
Beats-smg: Groudė 15 Be-X-old: 15 сьнежня Fiu-vro: 15. joulukuu päiv Nds-nl: 15 december Simple: December 15 Zh-yue: 12 月 15 號
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